The city's history is surely complex, and despite the country's issues, its capital is a beautiful place with many things to offer. Creoles are descendants of the Spanish people who first arrived in Mexico. Unevenly divided between the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur, the peninsula is nearly 800 miles (1,300 km) long but seldom more than 100 miles (160 km) wide. The Pacific Coastal Lowlands begin near Mexicali and the Colorado River delta in the north and terminate near Tepic, some 900 miles (1,450 km) to the south. Among the active volcanic peaks of the region is El Chichón, which destroyed several villages in 1982. Mexico can be divided into nine major physiographic regions: Baja California, the Pacific Coastal Lowlands, the Mexican Plateau, the Sierra Madre Oriental, the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Cordillera Neo-Volcánica, the Gulf Coastal Plain, the Southern Highlands, and the Yucatán Peninsula. Interesting Mexican Culture Facts: The name 'Mexico' is derived from the Aztec word 'Mexica'. The border between Mexico and the United States is the second largest border in the world (only the U.S.-Canadian border is longer). The Cordillera Neo-Volcánica, also called the Neo-Volcanic Axis or Trans-Volcanic Axis, is a geologically active mountain range whose smoldering cinder cones link the Sierra Madre Occidental with the Sierra Madre Oriental at the southern edge of the Mesa Central. Uniquely in the Western Hemisphere, Mesoamerican civilizations developed glyphic writing systems, recording the political history of conquests and rulers. The mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) group accounts for 62 percent of the population. According to the CIA, Mexico consists of several ethnic groups. The Aztecs played ritual ball game known as. Photo: Kamira / Shutterstock.com Mexican society is characterized by extremes of wealth and poverty, with a limited middle class wedged between an elite cadre of landowners and investors on the one hand and masses of rural and urban poor on the other. Millions of monarch butterflies migrate to Mexico every year from the U.S. and. Professor Emeritus of Geography, San Diego State University, California. Omissions? Francisco I. Madero "lost" the election, but he was far from through. Hidalgo is widely considered the father of modern Mexico, and Mexican Independence is celebrated on September 15-16. Trans. 2Bernal, Ignatio. Its hilly central area descends to narrow coastal plains on the south and to the Tabasco Plain on the north. Sharing a common border throughout its northern extent with the United States, Mexico is bounded to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, to the east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, and to the southeast by Guatemala and Belize. Indulge in this list of tantalizing chocolate facts to learn about fascinating chocolate history, delicious statistics, health effects, and yummy trivia. Mexico City, the capital, is one of the most populous cities and metropolitan areas in the world. The crystalline mountains, which achieve elevations of 7,000–8,000 feet (2,100–2,400 metres), often reach the sea to create a rugged coastal margin, part of which is known as the Mexican Riviera. Mexico also administers such islands and archipelagoes as the Tres Marías in the Pacific and Cozumel and Mujeres off the coast of the Yucatán Peninsula. Learn more about the Old Line State, including surprising history, famous residents, and fascinating cultural trivia with our magnificent Maryland facts. #7: Mexico is home to the third highest peak in North America The Pico de Orizaba sits on the border between the Mexican states of Veracruz and Puebla and is the third-highest peak in North America after Mount McKinley in the United States and Mount Logan in Canada. Sometimes the most remote or hostile beliefs and feelings are found together in one city or one soul, or are superimposed like [pre-Columbian] pyramids that almost always conceal others. Mexico, country of southern North America and the third largest country in Latin America, after Brazil and Argentina. Interesting Mexico Facts List: Mexico’s official name is Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States). New York, NY: DK Publishing. Citlaltépetl (Orizaba Peak), the highest point in Mexico, located in western Veracruz state. The first university in North America, and the second in the Americas, was the Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico. However, the less-hospitable inland basins provide a difficult environment for traditional peasant farmers. Within the highlands the low, crystalline Sierra de Soconusco range lies along the Pacific coast. Pre-Columbian Mexico It is assumed that the first inhabitants of Middle America were early American Indians, of Asian derivation, who migrated into the area at some time during the final stage of the Pleistocene Epoch. The official name of Mexico is Estados Únidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States). Yet even the bustling capital city, which has been continually built and rebuilt on the rubble of past civilizations, reveals Mexico’s wide range of social, economic, and cultural struggles. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books. The first great civilization in Mexico were the Olmecs (1400-300 B.C.) One unusual Mayan weapon was a “hornet bomb,” which was an actual hornet’s nest thrown at enemies during battle. The Pre Columbian Era. Discover Mexico’s history, from pre-hispanic times, through the movement to independence, the revolution, and modern-times. Because it is built on a lake, Mexico is sinking at a rate of 6 to 8 inches a year as pumps draw water out for the city’s growing population. Mexico introduced chocolate, chilies and … 2002. Although the vast Sonoran Desert dominates their northern section, parts of the lowlands have been irrigated and transformed into highly productive farmland. As its official name suggests, the Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States) incorporates 31 socially and physically diverse states and the Federal District. The Olmec were the first, followed by the Maya, Toltec, Zapotec, Mixtec, and the Maya again. Guadalupe is also considered to be the link that unites Mexicans together, religiously and ethnically. 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