He named his nephew, Rodrigo Borgia, cardinal in 1456. The disorganization of the Curia was appalling, the sale of offices became a veritable scandal, the least opposition to the Borgia was punished with death, and even in that corrupt age the state of things shocked public opinion. He took Borja as his sur Burchard records that he had to jump on the body to jam him into the coffin and covered it with an old carpet, the only surviving furnishing in the room. His death was followed by scenes of wild disorder, and Cesare, himself apparently ill or poisoned but who survived, could not attend to business, but sent Don Michelotto, his chief bravo, to seize the Pope's treasures before the demise was publicly announced. At first the papal troops were defeated and things looked black for the house of Borgia. Pope Alexander VI - Slavery. Biography Early life. Peter of Candia or Peter Phillarges (c. 1339 – May 3, 1410) as Alexander V (Latin: Alexander PP. The political power of the papacy had declined, and most of Alexander's efforts aimed to restore this but also to protect the remaining papal territories from external threat. Pope Alexander VI made many alliances to secure his position. Alexander VI spent his final years supporting Cesare’s military ambitions and the arts. Popes Alexander VI-VIII are really the fifth through seventh recognized popes by that name.). The Banquet of Chestnuts (or Ballet of Chestnuts) was a fête in Rome, and particularly a supper purportedly held in the Papal Palace by former Cardinal Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI on 30 October 1501. At the time however, he was not considered as such and so the fifth true Pope Alexander took the official number VI. Find the perfect Pope Alexander Vi stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Suddenly the rumor spread that Cesare, the Pope's second son, was the author of the deed, and although the inquiries then ceased and no conclusive evidence has yet come to light, there is every probability that the charge was well founded. His one thought was family aggrandizement, and while it is unlikely that he meditated making the papacy hereditary in the house of Borgia, he certainly gave away its temporal estates to his children as though they belonged to him. Early life. In order to dominate the College of Cardinalsmore completely he created twelve new cardinals, among them his own son Cesare, then only eighteen years old, and Alessandro Farnese (later Pope Paul III), the brother of the beautiful Giulia Farnese, one of the Pope's mistresses, creations which caused much scandal. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Hulton Archive / Getty Images. AKA Rodrigo de Borja. Now occurred the first of those ugly domestic tragedies for which the house of Borgia remained famous. Select from premium Pope Alexander Vi of the highest quality. Virginio Orsini, who had been captured by the Spaniards, died a prisoner at Naples, and the Pope confiscated his property. He embarked upon a reform of papal finances and a vigorous pursuit of the war against the Ottoman Turks. The people were pleased by his election, and he began extensive building projects, working diligently at papal business. His only success had been the capture of Ostia and the submission of the Francophile cardinals Colonna and Savelli. Upon his assassination Lucrezia received as a third husband Alfonso I d’Este, duke of Ferrara. Cette nouvelle maîtresse, qui a 40 ans de moins que lui, lui donnera deux enfants supplémentaires mais ne le dispensera pas de liaisons épisodiques. Crossing the Apennines at Cisa Pass, he…. A characteristic instance of the papal court of the time is the fact that Borgia's daughter Lucrezia lived with his mistress Giulia, who bore him a daughter Laura in 1492. He was renowned for his mistresses but also for his patronage of the arts. Instead of focusing on spiritual matters, Alexander was more concerned with material wealth and earthly power. of the Popes", (German ed., Freiburg, 1895), III, 275-278; also Am. This defection forced the Pope to come to terms, and on the 31st of December Charles VIII entered Rome with his troops and the cardinals of the French faction. He still refused to support the king’s claim to Naples and, by an alliance with Milan, Venice, and the Holy Roman emperor, eventually forced the French to withdraw from Italy. As a patron of the arts, Alexander erected a centre for the University of Rome, restored the Castel Sant’Angelo, built the monumental mansion of the Apostolic Chancery, embellished the Vatican palaces, and persuaded Michelangelo to draw plans for the rebuilding of St. Peter’s Basilica. Find the perfect Pope Alexander Vi stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. But through the intervention of the Spanish ambassador he made peace with Naples in July 1493 and also with the Orsini; the peace was cemented by a marriage between the Pope's son Giuffre and Doña Sancha, Ferdinand II's granddaughter. One of his close companions was Cem, the brother of the Sultan Bayazid II (1481 –1512), detained as a hostage. Borgia, by a bare two-thirds majority secured by his own vote, was proclaimed Pope on the morning of 11 Aug., 1492, and took the name of Alexander VI. But it was not long before his unbridled passion for endowing his relatives at the expense of the Church and of his neighbors became manifest. 6943005, citing Santa Maria in Monserrato degli Spagnoli, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy ; Maintained by Find A Grave . He was born at Xàtiva, València, Spain, and his father's surname was Lanzol or Llançol; that of his mother's family, Borgia or Borja, was assumed by him on the elevation of his maternal uncle to the papacy as Pope Calixtus III (1455 –1458) on April 8, 1455. Horoscope and astrology data of Pope Alexander VI born on 31 December 1430 Jul.Cal. In August 1503, the pope and his son began suffering from Malaria. Cesare was preparing for another expedition into central Italy in July 1503, when, in the midst of all these projects and negotiations, both he and his father were taken ill with fever. Pope Alexander VIII (22 April 1610 – 1 February 1691), born Pietro Vito Ottoboni, was Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. Ferdinand II appealed to Spain for help; but Spain was anxious to be on good terms with the Pope to obtain a title over the newly discovered continent of America and could not afford to quarrel with him. Burchard recorded the events that surrounded the death of the Pope. But a reaction against Charles VIII soon set in, for all the powers were alarmed at his success, and on March 31, a league between the pope, the emperor, Venice, Lodovico il Moro and Ferdinand of Spain was formed, ostensibly against the Turks, but in reality to expel the French from Italy. He also issued bulls that led to the Treaty of Tordesillas, theoretically dividing the New World into Spanish and Portuguese spheres. 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