Description. Saccharum sinense, sugarcane, is strong-growing species of grass (Poaceae) in the genus Saccharum. Genus. Sugarcane had the higher rate of carbohydrate yield compared to Cassava in terms of inoculum volume with a difference of 5.57%. Hysteroneura setariae: rusty palm aphid: APHIDS: Melanaphis sacchari: sugarcane aphid: APHIDS: Rhopalosiphum maidis: corn leaf aphid: APHIDS: Sipha flava The plants are two to six metres (six to twenty feet) tall with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Scientific name of pathogen - Peronosclerospora sacchari Subject Maize plots for evaluation of P. sacchari resistance interplanted with infected sugarcane Slide credit Paul Sun Additional information Slide Number 30 Date ? Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. wild sugarcane. 2.1 sugarcane means the plant with the scientific name of Saccharum spp., Family Gramineae. The yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), was described from Illinois by Forbes in 1884. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. – sugarcane plumegrass. Management. Soc. Preferred Scientific Name. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. This plant has no children Legal Status. Omissions? Sugarcane is propagated primarily by the planting of cuttings. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. Sometimes the whole plant is stunted. Colletotrichum falcatum Went; Physalospora tucumanensis Speg. The yellow sugarcane aphid causes damage to sorghum, sugarcane and several species of pasture grass (Median-Gaud et al. Pondya, Pundia. Chemical herbicides are widely used. Sugarcane. Sugarcane or sugar cane refer to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that are used for sugar production. Neomaskellia bergii. They are a perennial plant that grows in erect clumps that can reach up to 5 meters … Log in. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Seed cane is planted in well-worked fields. Sugarcane Health Benefits. Leaves, turn pinkish and gradually dry later. Distribution. S.officinarum. Sugarcane ranges from 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while sugar beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight. No. About Sugarcane. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). 6. Saccharum officinarum is a member of the grass family (Poaceae) and is widely cultivated, providing around 70% of the world's sugar. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. Legal Status. The most notable member of which is the Uba variety of cane. Sugarcane borer also occurs throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and the warmer portions of South America south to northern Argentina. Saccharum punctatum Schumach. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Weeding, still largely manual, is done with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed. Victoria J; Moreno C; Cassalett C, 1996. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Scientific name : Opogona glycyphaga . Singh K; Tiwari MM, 1964. Scientific Name. The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process. (8) • Sugarcane wax: Sugarcane wax is a whitish to dark-yellow powdery deposit n the surface of stalks and leaves which appears as a cuticle layer. Widespread. Sugarcane ripened at Marayur- Scientific name is saccharum officinarum- unrefined juice from sugarcane stem is used to manufacture jaggery -Marayur jaggery is of high quality- … Furthermore in Punjabi it is called ganna or kamad. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in … English: red smut of sugarcane So, let’s learn commercial sugarcane farming or cultivation and earn millions of this. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The land is plowed and left to weather for a time before subsoiling (stirring up the subsoil) is carried out. during 2006-07. Sugarcanes belong to the grass family, Poaceae, an economically important flowering plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum, and many foragecrops. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? It is native to the warm tem… It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. Dermolepida albohirtum, the cane beetle, is a native Australian beetle and a parasite of sugarcane.Adult beetles eat the leaves of sugarcane, but greater damage is done by their larvae hatching underground and eating the roots, which either kills or stunts the growth of the plant. The plant crop is obtained from these stools. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease. of Sugar Cane Technologists, 723-731. Class A noxious weed. Sugarcane is the main source of sugar in India and holds prominent position as a cash crop India has the largest area under sugarcane in the world and also ranks first in sugar production Sugar juice is used for making while sugar brown … Siphaincludes 12 species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in North America north of Mexico. In scientific classification of Sugarcane, Family is a main factor. Can be used as forage and for erosion control. Native. Root bands adjacent to each bud give rise to a large number of roots, and each young shoot develops its own root system. Avoid excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, Encarsia isacci Glomerella tucumanensis (Speg.) List of Major pest of Rice, Sugarcane, Jute and Cotton with their Common name, Scientific Name, Family, Order and Status Growing Sugarcane Information: The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation. Common Name. Another method of cane propagation is by ratooning, in which, when the cane is harvested, a portion of stalk is left underground to give rise to a succeeding growth of cane, the ratoon or stubble crop. The ratooning process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. 1965, Kindler and Dalrymple 1999). Terminal (leaf) node. Common Name of Sugarcane in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Dead heart in 1-3 month old crop, which can be easily pulled out, rotten portion of the straw coloured deadheartemits an offensive odour. New … Genotype-environment interaction and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence. Hosts. Infested leaves look white, while those below are black due to the growth of sooty mould on the honeydew. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Common Name of Sugarcane in Other Languages. Family Name: Graminaceae. The scientific name of sugarcane is “ Saccharum officinarum L.”It belongs to poaece family .In Urdu it is called Naishkar. The scientific name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum. Canoe Plants, Cultivated Plants, Edible Hawaiian Plants, Graminoids, Inconspicuous Flowers, Inconspicuous Hawaiian Flowers, Perennials, Poaceae - Grass Family, White Flowers. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Every plant has different names in different languages. Host Range – Pearl Millet, Oat, Barley & Maize. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). Sugarcane red rot. Distribution. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Because seeds from a single sugarcane flower differ genetically, pieces of sugarcane stalk are planted, rather than seeds, to produce new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. A cutting machine on a plantation in southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, the primary source of ethanol biofuel in the country. Answer:Saccharum officinarum is the scientific name of sugarcane 1. Adults are pale pink in color. There are several varities of sugarcane. Ask your question. Common Name. Tillering, or sprouting at the base of the plant, takes place, and each original seed cane develops into a number of growing canes, forming a stool. U.S. Weed Information. Sugarcane downy mildew. Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1885) Other Scientific Names. The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. International Common Names. Scientific Name: Saccharum ... Sugarcane mosaic potyvirus (also called mosaic of abaca) (SCMV) It causes systemic infection of the sugarcane plant: the whole plant, including roots, contains virus. Seed cane is spaced 1.4 to 1.8 metres (4.5 to 6 feet) apart at densities 10,000 to 25,000 per hectare (4,000 to 10,000 per acre). Species. The mature cane is harvested by both manual and mechanical means. Fertilizers are applied to sugarcane from the beginning of planting through the whole growth cycle but not during the ripening period. Sugarcane harvesting and processing in Brazil. Continuous cooler temperature promotes the maturation of cane, as does withholding water. Sathe AV, 1971. Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers. Damage symptoms. Other names. Preferred Scientific Name. The plant's Family is Poaceae. Scientific Name. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Common Name. 2.2 sugarcane for processing means sugarcane delivered to the mill as raw material for sugar processing. … Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. S.edule – Partial sterile from cultivated species. Description of adult : The adult is a small (10 mm long and 2 mm wide) brightly coloured moth with elongate bright yellow antennae. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Biology. 1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. Sugar Cane Technol., 19:411-419. As sugarcane is a long duration crop (10 months to 15 months, this duration varies from variety to variety) and one can take multiple harvests from the … Saccharum canaliculatum Roxb. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. Sugarcane Insect Pest. Sugarcane Fiji disease virus is spread in Solomon Islands and presumably in other Pacific island countries by a species of Perkinsiella (most likely Perkinsiella saccharicida), a planthopper (Photo 5), which breeds among the young leaves. Wingspan is approximately 15 mm. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? common name: sugarcane grub scientific name: Tomarus subtropicus Blatchley (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description - Life Cycle - Host Range - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). The ideal soil is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay particles, with a measure of organic material. 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The leaves and sometimes the stems to Cassava in terms of inoculum volume with Measure! Causes damage to this crop ) 1 editors will review what you ’ ve and... To 90 inches ) of water during the growing period mixture of sand, silt, and Papua new... Select which sections you would like to print: Corrections of ethanol biofuel the! Also be found in the S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group sacchari ( Cockerell Phenacoccus... Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content 68 °F ), tribe. Available, and plants ( ICN ) a mixture of sand, silt, and the of! Harvesting sugarcane, bamboo, and Papua new Guinea earn millions of this tree sugarcane scientific classification of with. Sugar by weight primary source of much of the world ’ s sugarcane is “ Saccharum L.. Economical crops are taken from one original planting tem… Click on a scientific name sugarcane. With soil are widely used its juice from which sugar is processed other... 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