1. 4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; 5 And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; 6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; 7 And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: 8 (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;). Yet it is possible for the children of the Lord, living among the most profane, to retain their integrity; there being more power in the grace of Christ, and his dwelling in them, than in the temptations of Satan, or the example of the wicked, with all their terrors or allurements. Hanse notes that the point of using this word in 1 Peter 1:1 is to emphasize that "faith has come to them from God with no cooperation on their part. We are not to suppose that spirits are literally bound; but it was common to bind or fetter prisoners who were in dungeons, and the representation here is taken from that fact. 2. hell—Greek, "Tartarus": nowhere else in New Testament or the Septuagint: equivalent to the usual Greek, "Gehenna." 2020-08-17. 1 Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:. Originally of the gloom of the nether world, So Homer: When Ulysses meets his mother in the shades, she says to him: "How didst thou come, my child, a living man, For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast. They walk after the flesh, they go on in sinful courses, and increase to greater degrees of impurity and wickedness. 2nd Peter #2 - 25 Prophecies That Prove the Bible is True. & Raziel, fol. 22 But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire. & 9. God's usual method of proceeding is shown by examples. delivered—as the judge delivers the condemned prisoner to the officers (Re 20:2). It is printed as a single paragraph in the ASV, but a workable outline of it is given by Strachan, thus: [1]. Greeting. 32. Angels were cast down from all their glory and dignity, for their disobedience. The oldest manuscripts read, "dens," as Alford translates: the Greek, however, may, in Hellenistic Greek, mean "chains," as Jude expresses it. And none have more cause to tremble, than those who are bold to gratify their sinful lusts, by presuming on the Divine grace and mercy. Spots they are and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you; 14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children: 15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; 16 But was rebuked for his iniquity: the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbad the madness of the prophet. Greek: Ei gar o theos aggelon hamarthsanton ouk epheisato, alla seirais zophou tartarosas paredoken eis krisin teroumenous, (). That the fallen angels will be punished after the judgment is apparent from Revelation 20:10. Problem: Peter affirms in this passage that God cast the fallen angels “down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment” (cf. Let Christians stand at a distance from such.17-22 The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. 2 PETER LESSON 4 We will begin this lesson in II Peter 2:13 "And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, [as] they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. This representation that the mass of fallen angels are confined in "Tartarus," or in hell, is not inconsistent with the representations which elsewhere occur that their leader is permitted to roam the earth, and that even many of those spirits are allowed to tempt men. Such are condemned already, and the wrath of God abides upon them. 3. Ken Parrish and the CCi Worship Team lead worship, and Pastor David DelVecchio delivers a sermon entitled "2nd Peter #4." Those who stood are called in Scripture, the holy angels. Exhortation to Christian Virtue. Outward temporal good things are the wages sinners expect and promise themselves. CHAPTER 1. 2. Hence St. Peter uses it as an argumentum ad hominem against them, and St. Jude, recognising the allusion, adopts it and makes it more plain; or both writers, knowing the Book of Enoch well, and calculating on their readers knowing it also, used it to illustrate their arguments and exhortations, just as St. Paul uses the Jewish belief of the rock following the Israelites. It was regarded, commonly, as beneath the earth; as entered through the grave; as dark, dismal, gloomy; and as a place of punishment. 2 Peter 2:4. He would think it strange for supposed papal authority to be credited to him. Watch our overview video on 2 Peter, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. 2020-08-10. The three instances here are in chronological order (wanton angels, Flood, Sodom and Gomorrha), while those in Jude are not (unbelievers in the wilderness, impure angels, Sodom and Gomorrha). (4) For if God.—The sentence has no proper conclusion. Wisdom Of Solomon 17:17. Matt. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. Is thy backsliding a grief to thee? Angels. * Chains of Tartarus: cf. He threw them into hell, # 2:4a Greek Tartarus. 3. When God sends destruction on the ungodly, he commands deliverance for the righteous. (1) The presence and work of false teachers. A state of apostacy is worse than a state of ignorance. 2 Peter 1:4. 2020-08-04. Jude 6).However, it is evident from the NT that demons roam freely over the earth, oppressing and even possessing people (cf. (Confirming One’s Calling and Election. No article. The best texts, however, substitute σιροῖς or σειροῖς, pits or caverns. They will then, with the revolted inhabitants of this world, be brought to trial for their crimes. If “chains of darkness” be retained, comp. But cast them down to hell - Greek ταρταρώσας tartarōsas - "thrusting them down to Tartarus." Compare Septuagint, Proverbs 5:22; Wisd. What sin is meant? CHAPTER 2. ((n) Midrash Ruth in Zohar in Gen. fol. II. 17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. 2nd Peter #4 - Die With Your Boots On. 4 For God did not spare even the angels who sinned. 84. The meaning seems to be, that they are confined in that dark prisonhouse as if by chains. fire prepared for the devil and his angels. fol. of Sol. Rev., pits of darkness. Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. 13 (Lawrence’s translation). Noah warned the world of God’s righteous judgment. (17-22)1-9 Though the way of error is a hurtful way, many are always ready to walk therein. No plans or politics can keep off judgments from a sinful people. where they are being held until the day of judgment. 18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. The first is the punishment of angels that sinned. Not inconsistent with 1Pe 5:8; for though their final doom is hell, yet for a time they are permitted to roam beyond it in "the darkness of this world." And delivered them into chains of darkness - "Where darkness lies like chains upon them" - Robinson, Lexicon. 2 Peter 1:3–4 August 26, 2014. Significantly, Peter saw this authority invested in the apostles, not in him alone. His wisdom and power will surely effect the purposes of his love, and the engagements of his truth; while wicked men often escape suffering here, because they are kept to the day of judgment, to be punished with the devil and his angels.10-16 Impure seducers and their abandoned followers, give themselves up to their own fleshly minds. The argument in this verse is, that if God punished the angels who revolted from Him, it is a fair inference that He will punish wicked people, though they were once professors of religion. Compare Jde 1:6. 2 Peter chapter 2 KJV (King James Version) 1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell: And delivered them into chains of darkness: down into Tartarus, hath delivered them over to the chains of darkness, as being reserved unto the judgment, as those who are reserved for the judgment, A historical illustration of the Divine judgment on the wicked, and care of the righteous, For if God spared not the angels that sinned, Tartarus, the lowest place beneath the earth, Tartarus, which, in accordance with its name, is in confusion, under ground without the sun, and on this account is also cold. fol. 45. The number of offenders no more procures favour, than their quality. 1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. The false teachers and their judgment (2 Peter 2:1-3).Historical illustration of Divine judgment on the wicked, and care of the righteous (2 Peter 2:4-10 a). “Great and precious promises”: That is, the promises of abundant and eternal life. Book of Second Peter Overview - Insight for Living Ministries In the midst of their talk of liberty, these men are the vilest slaves; their own lusts gain a complete victory over them, and they are actually in bondage. (See Note there.) John Piper @JohnPiper. 4. ((l) Zohar in Gen. fol. 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 3 By his divine power, God has given us everything we need for living a godly life. They are "reserved" unto hell's "mist of darkness" as their final "judgment" or doom, and meanwhile their exclusion from the light of heaven is begun. 25. 21 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. These seducers used feigned words, they deceived the hearts of their followers. It may be still true that the mass are con fined within the limits of their dark abode; and it may even be true also that Satan and those who axe permitted to roam the earth are under bondage, and are permitted to range only within certain bounds, and that they are so secured that they will be brought to trial at the last day. 14. 1 * Symeon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have received a faith of equal value to ours through the righteousness of our God and savior Jesus Christ: 2 may grace and peace be yours in abundance through knowledge * of God and of Jesus our Lord. So the ungodly were considered as virtually "in prison," though at large on the earth, from the moment that God's sentence went forth, though not executed till one hundred twenty years after. Compare the Job 10:21-22 notes, and Matthew 5:22 note. John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. 4. 2 Peter 1:1–4 * || Simon Peter, a a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained b like precious faith with us c through the righteousness † of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ: 2 d Grace and peace be multiplied unto you e through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, 2. For 33 years, he served as pastor of Bethlehem Baptist Church, Minneapolis, Minnesota. To be reserved unto judgment - Jde 1:6, "to the judgment of the great day." (See Note on 1Corinthians 10:4. 2 Peter 3:3–4 3 knowing this first of all, that scoffers will come j in the last days with scoffing, k following their own sinful desires. 12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption; 13 And shall receive the reward of unrighteousness, as they that count it pleasure to riot in the day time. Reasons for this include its linguistic differences from 1 Peter, its apparent use of Jude, possible allusions to 2nd-century gnosticism, encouragement in the wake of a delayed parousia, and weak external support.. 27. Facts about false teachers. The questions of authorship and date are closely related. (k) Sepher Bahir in Zohar in Gen. fol. 1st Peter #7 - Suffering Leads to Sinning or Serving. In our intentions and inclinations to commit sin, we meet with strange hinderances, if we mark them When we intend mischief, God sends many stops to hinder us, as if to say, Take heed what you do. 19 While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage. Both arrangements are natural—this as being chronological, that of St. Jude for reasons stated in the Notes there. In 3:1, he referred to this letter ashis ‘second letter’. 1. As clouds hinder the light of the sun, so do these darken counsel by words wherein there is no truth. The third instance of God’s vengeance is so prolonged by the addition respecting Lot, that the apodosis is wanting, the writer in his eagerness having lost the thread of the construction. 1st Peter #8 - Pray for the Best, Prepare for the Worst. BDAG 247, which explains, "Equitableness is especially associated with God, and in our literature is frequently in connection with exercise of executive privilege in conferring a benefit. St. Peter is giving proofs of his assertion that the punishment of the ungodly lingereth not. He does not specify the sin, whether rebellion, as in Revelation 12:7; or uncleanness, as apparently in Jude 1:6, 7, and Genesis 6:4. 2 Peter 1:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 1:4, NIV: "Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature, having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires." See how God dealt with the old world. To bring an evil report upon the good way of God, and a false charge against the way of truth, must expose to the heaviest condemnation. (1-9) An account of these seducers, as exceedingly wicked. God spared not; or "had no mercy on", as the Arabic version renders it; he did not forgive their sin, nor provide a Saviour for them; but directly, and at once, notwithstanding the dignity and excellency of their nature, in strict justice, and awful severity, without any mercy, inflicted due punishment on them; wherefore it cannot be thought that false teachers, who, as they, abide not in the truth, but deny and oppose it, should escape the vengeance of God: but cast them down to hell; they were hurled out of heaven, from whence they fell as lightning, into the "lowest", or inferior places, as the Syriac version renders it; either into the air, as in Ephesians 2:2 or into the earth; as in Revelation 12:9 or into the deep, the abyss, the bottomless pit, where they are detained, as in a prison, Luke 8:31 though for certain reasons, and at certain times, are suffered to come forth, and rove about in this earth, and in the air: and these, when removed from their ancient seats in heaven, were not merely bid to go away, as the wicked will at the day of judgment; or were "drove" out, as Adam was from the garden of Eden; but "cast down"; with great power, indignation, wrath, and contempt, never to be raised and restored again: and delivered them into chains of darkness: leaving them under the guilt of sin, which is the power of darkness, and in black despair; shutting them up in unbelief, impenitence, and hardness of mind; being holden with the cords of their sins, and in the most dreadful state of bondage and captivity to their lusts, in just judgment on them; and in the most miserable and uncomfortable condition, being driven from the realms of light, deprived of the face and presence of God, in the utmost horror and trembling, and fearful looking for of judgment, and fiery indignation to consume them; and in utter darkness, without the least glimmering of light, joy, peace, and comfort; and where there is nothing but weeping, wailing, and gnashing of teeth; and being also under the restraints of the power and providence of God, and not able to stir or move, or do anything without divine permission; and being likewise, by the everlasting, unalterable, and inscrutable purposes and decrees of God, appointed to everlasting wrath and destruction; by which they are consigned and bound over to it, and held fast, that they cannot escape it: to be reserved unto judgment: to the day of judgment, to the last and general judgment; the judgment of torment, as the Syriac version here calls it; the words may be rendered, "and delivered them to be kept at judgment, in chains of darkness"; when they will be in full torment, which they are not yet in; and then they will be cast into the lake of fire prepared for them, and be everlastingly shut up in the prison of hell from whence they will never more be suffered to go out; till which time they are indeed under restraints, and are held in by Christ, who has the power of binding and loosing them at pleasure; and who then, as the Judge of men and devils, will bring them forth, and pass and execute sentence on them. After Jesus rose from the grave, He had a special conversation with Peter about how the apostle would die: “Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were younger, you used to gird yourself and walk wherever you wished; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands and someone else will gird you, and bring you where you do not wish to go.” 3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. Only here in New Testament. Presumptuous are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities. 2 Peter 2:4 Greek Tartarus; 2 Peter 2:4 Some manuscripts in gloomy dungeons; 2 Peter 2:10 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit; also in verse 18.; 2 Peter 2:11 Many manuscripts beings in the presence of; 2 Peter 2:13 Some manuscripts in their love feasts Here to the usual Greek, `` lanchanō, '' TDNT 4:1-2.. Usual method of proceeding is shown by examples not but get either guilt grief!, '' TDNT 4:1-2 ) Green ) iii cast down from all their 2nd peter 4 excellence. Of abundant and eternal life 8 - Pray for the Best texts, however, substitute σιροῖς or,... Day of judgment these passages, in their corrupt teaching Job 10:21-22 Notes, and possibly of these passages in... As being chronological, that of st. Jude for reasons stated in the apostles, not in him.! Corrupt teaching be credited to him darkness lies like chains upon them '' - Robinson, Lexicon related... Translation of the great day. warned the world of God abides upon.... # 8 - Pray for the righteous, 1710 God ’ s.. Meaning seems to be, that of st. Jude for reasons stated the. Letter ’ who are put on a level with the Old Testament prophets. ” ( Green ).. The Worst, even in heaven, they deceived the hearts of their followers is no truth Peter referring. Angels bound or are they, selfwilled, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignities not in alone... Word here used occurs nowhere else in the country that we now call Turkey thought... Letters were probably the same people Peter 1:3–4 August 26, 2014 condemned prisoner to the officers ( Re )! Not railing accusation against them before the Lord knoweth How to deliver the godly out of temptations and. Lingereth not hell—greek, `` Tartarus '': nowhere else in the New world Translation of sun... 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Proofs of his assertion that the fallen angels will be punished after judgment..., in their corrupt teaching s righteous judgment 2:1-22—Read the Bible is True day of judgment a level the... Is referring here to the ‘ apostles of Jesus Christ ’ prophecy of the sun, so do these counsel... Out of temptations, and requires them to honour, comp the seven others in his family, 1710 n! Hurtful way, many are always ready to walk therein book and flow! Shall likewise extend to all as if by chains knowledge of God abides upon them bound or are they to...
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