In summer, most of Kerala is prone to gale-force winds, storm surges, and torrential downpours accompanying dangerous cyclones coming in off the Indian Ocean. The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata. Geologically, pre-Cambrian and Pleistocene formations comprise the bulk of Kerala’s terrain. There is heavy rainfall in this region during the months between May and November. The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search. Kerala is also a land with a variety of celebrations that transcend regional and religious boundaries. What stands out is the thread of harmony that runs though the different ceremonies and rituals. Geographically Kerala is divided into three distinct climatic regions. All Rights Reserved. Most English definitions are provided by WordNet . No wonder, Alappuzha, an old sea port town of this region is known as the 'Venice of the East'. Majority of mass movements have occurred in hill slopes >20° along the Western Ghats scarps, the only exception being the coastal cliffs. Tranquil beaches; Stunning backwaters; Majestic Hill stations; Wide range of Biodiversity; Waterfalls; Lush greenery; Ayurveda treatments; Exotic art forms; Captivating culture; Warm hospitality; Rich heritage; Delicious cuisines; Everything about Kerala is simply special and unique. It is surrounded by the Western Ghats mountain range on the West and North, with reserve forests and the (Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve) on the northern side. The undulating sandy plains covered with sand dunes on the western fringes of the … Finally, Kerala’s coastal belt is relatively flat, teeming with paddy fields, groves of coconut trees, and heavily crisscrossed by a network of interconnected canals and rivers. Kerala's history is closely linked with its commerce, which until recent times revolved around its spice trade. As a result, Kerala averages some 120–140 rainy days per year. This varying effect along the coast could be attributed to local amplification of tsunami waves in certain regions. Weather and location of Western Ghats together cause formation more lightning clouds resulting in higher incidence. Kerala (38,863 km²; 1.18% of India ’s landmass) is situated between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. Kerala is the land of kera or coconut. To convince their beloved king that Kerala is till the land of milk and honey, people decorate their homes and celebrate to the fullest, sometimes even faking prosperity, to present a happy façade for their king. Highlands, Midlands and Lowlands. Tourists from faraway lands are lured to this exotic land that offers them some spectacular sceneries and more unforgettable experiences. Thus, for better planning of the drought management measures, the term drought with reference to plantation crops should be redefined based on rainfall received or available soil moisture during summer months instead of total monsoon rainfall. Kerala’s average maximum daily temperature is around 36.7 Â°C; the minimum is 19.8 Â°C. Adventure sports enthusiasts from India and abroad are visiting Kerala’s major tourism spots especially in Malabar. From the Ghats, the land slopes to the west on to the plains, into an unbroken coastline. Physical Features. Dense growth of vegetation causes difficulty of accessibility, number of species is very large. Fourteen districts make up the state of Kerala. The valleys have been developed as paddy fields and the elevated lands and hill slopes are converted into estates of rubber, fruit trees and other cash crops like pepper, areca nut and tapioca. With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. The Noyyal River runs through Coimbatore and forms the southern boundary of the corporation. Kerala lies along the coastline, to the extreme southwest of the Indian peninsula. A review of ancient documents, investigation reports and news paper reports indicates a lesser rate of slope instability in the past; 29 major landslide events that occurred in the recent past was identified through the review. Kerala receives an average annual rainfall of 3107 mm – some 7,030 crore m3 of water. The changes in the land and water management practices affected the fresh water availability during summer months. The Coastal belt is comparatively plain. Physical Geography of Kerala - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Located at the extreme southern tip of the Indian subcontinent, Kerala lies near the center of the Indian tectonic plate (the Indian Plate); as such most of the state (notwithstanding isolated regions) is subject to comparatively little seismic or volcanic activity. [4] nimo,, Kerala has been experiencing increasing incidents of drought in the recent past due to the weather anomalies and developmental pressures resulting from the changes in land use, traditional practices, and life style of the people. The present state of affairs show that in a year the months April, May, October and November have much higher lightning incidence. When more number of clouds are formed, greater exposure by larger population and vegetation density constitute the main the pressures on the state. According to the geographical features, the state can be divided into hills and valleys, midland plains and coastal belts. The continent may be divided into three main physical features. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. Privacy policy Forty-one of Kerala’s forty-four rivers originate in this region, and the Cauvery River descends from there and drains eastwards into neighboring states. The pride of Kerala are Gorgeous and Exotic Beaches, Breathtaking hill Stations, Enchanting waterfalls, Beautiful lagoons, Meandering rivers and Amazing natural scenarios. These include the eastern highlands (rugged and cool mountainous terrain), the central midlands (rolling hills), and the western lowlands (coastal plains). Kerala's districts, shaded by biome and soil types.  |  Kerala, which lies in the tropic region, is mostly subject to the type of humid tropical wet climate experienced by most of Earth's rainforests. Soman (1988) reported that over major part of the Kerala State, extreme as well as the seasonal and annual rainfall decreased significantly in 1980's. Even in the years of normal rainfall, summer water scarcity problems are severe in the midland and highland regions. The most important of Kerala’s forty-four rivers include the Periyar (244 km in length), the Bharathapuzha (209 km), the Pamba (176 km), the Chalakudy Puzha(144 km), the Kadalundipuzha (130 km), and the Achancoil (128 km). Kerala Geography Notes are designed by KPSC Toppers and other civil servants. Yaz Travels, the Kerala tourism accredited company is considered the perfect travel planner, © 2018 Yaz Travels. A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Immediately after the tsunami, several organizations have carried out field surveys in many affected areas along the coast. The elephants play a vital role in all the religious processions and the festivals being celebrated. Accidents caused by ground conduction from trees, which is a special feature of Kerala, add to the casualties and loss of property. These rivers and streams flowing down from the Western Ghats into the backwaters in the coastal area or directly into the Arabian Sea. The maximum decrease in rainfall occurred in the highland regions where the rainfall is more compared to other areas. There are many untapped adventure tourism destinations in Kerala and we are organizing events like Kayaking. Although the tsunami affected parts of Kerala coast, maximum devastation was reported in the low coastal land of Kollam, Alleppey and Ernakulam districts, particularly a strip of 10 km in Azhikkal, Kollam district. A number of extreme flood events occurred during the last century causing considerable damage to life and property highlight the necessity for proper flood management measures in the State. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame ! Categories Physical Geography Orogenic or the mountain-forming movements Tensions produces fissures (since this type of force acts away from a point in two directions) and compression produces folds (because this type of force acts towards a point from two or more directions). The pluralist aspect refeclted n the art forms of the State is rooted in the rituals of its indigenous people. It spans an area of around 38,863 km 2 contributing only 1.3% of the total area of India. Kerala is divided into three geographical regions: Highlands, which slope down from the Western Ghats onto the Midlands of undulating hills and valleys into an unbroken 580 km long coastline with many picturesque backwaters, interconnected with canals and rivers. 1. The Kerala Backwaters region is a particularly well-recognized feature of Kerala; it is an interconnected system of brackish water lakes and river estuaries that lies inland from the coast and runs virtually the length of the state. Of the fourteen districts five have much more incidence than others. This adversely affects the rural and urban drinking water supply. [4], This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. The nature of the terrain and its physical features, divides an east west cross section of the State into three distinct regions- hills and valleys, midland and plains and the coastal region. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to. Here, Red is Red and Green is Green. It is estimated that about 25% of the total geographical area accommodating about 18% of the total population of the State is prone to floods.[4]. [6] The processes leading to landslides were accelerated by anthropogenic disturbances such as deforestation since the early 18th century, terracing and obstruction of ephemeral streams and cultivation of crops lacking capability to add root cohesion in steep slopes. ), http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Kerala&oldid=508249065. With the implementation of a number of irrigation projects, the idea of drought in Kerala slowly shifted to unirrigated paddy, and upland crops. Kerala (38,863 km²; 1.18% of India’s landmass) is situated between the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. long … [8], Although the Kerala state does not experience floods as severe as in the Indo-Gangetic plains, incidence of floods in the State is becoming more frequent and severe. About 176 people were killed and 1600 injured in the coastal belt. Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. Waterfalls in Kerala, especially at Thusharagiri, are best for any kind of adventure sports tourism activities. Higher population density and vegetation density result in more casualties. Choose the design that fits your site. [7] The initiation of most of the landslides were in typical hollows generally having degraded natural vegetation. Kerala Plains, narrow strip of coastland, southwestern India, fronting the Arabian Sea to the west and constituting almost all of Kerala state and most of the Malabar Coast.Narrow in the north and wide in the south, the plains are about 330 miles (530 km) long and from 12 to 60 miles (19 to 96 km) wide, covering an area of about 11,000 square miles (28,000 square km). Kerala has a width that stretches between the high ranges of Sahyadris in the east and the Arabian sea. Bestowed with a pleasant and equable climate throughout the year, Kerala is a tropical land where one can relax and be at ease. Located between north latitudes 8018' and 12048' and east longitudes 74052' and 72022', the State of Kerala encompasses 1.18 per cent of the country. The strip of hills and valleys on the eastern edge, close to the Ghats, comprises steep mountains and deep valleys, covered with dense forests. Ayurveda,the Science of Life, is perhaps the oldest and definitely, the most holistic, medical system available to the contemporary world.Althogh it is practiced all over India, Kerala is perhaps the only State where this science still follows age old traditional laws.Sitated in the tropical region, the State has an unparalleled wealth of herbs and natural vegetation. Eco, Cookies help us deliver our services. Certain peaks may reach to 2500 m. Just west of the mountains lie the midland plains, comprising a swathe of land running along central Kerala. Geography of Kerala Location and Area-Kerala is located on the southernmost tip of India and embraces the coast of Arabian Sea on the west and is bounded by the Western Ghats in the east. The entire area measures up to around 38863sq. Geographically, Kerala roughly divides into three climatically distinct regions. Physical features. Loss to telephone sector also is very high. The Western Ghats, bordering the eastern boundary of the State, form an almost continuous mountain wall, except near Palakkad where there is a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap. and 1900 hrs. The wildest lands are covered with dense forests, while other regions lie under tea and coffee plantations (established mainly in the 19th and 20th centuries) or other forms of cultivation. The west facing Western Ghats scarps that runs the entire extent of the mountain system is the most prone physiographic unit for landslides. [6] A very recent study indicates that the additional cohesion provided by vegetation roots in soil is an important contributor to slope stability in the scarp faces of the Western Ghats of Kerala. The average elevation of the Ghats is about 1500 meters above sea level, occasionally soaring to peaks of 2000 to 2500 meters. Kerala occupies a narrow strip of land, not more than 360 miles (555 km.) This diverse natural environment is home to an extraordinary array of wildlife. A study on the incidence of droughts based on the aridity index shows that during the period 1871– 2000, the State of Kerala experienced 66 drought years, out of which, twelve each were moderate and severe droughts. The continent does not have high mountain ranges like the Andes in South America or extensive plateau as in Africa. All except 1 of the 14 districts in the state are prone to landslides. The tropical evergreen forests of Kerala are difficult to exploit due to the following reasons : 1. The watery coastal zones of Kerala are interspersed with coconut palm groves, while much of the Western Ghats and riverine areas are covered with rainforests and monsoon forests (tropical deciduous forests). Kerala’s coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width. The water scarcity in summer is mainly reflected in dry rivers and lowering of water table. Get XML access to reach the best products. 2. The STEPS survey conducted in 2003–2005 showed that physical inactivity was prevalent in 5.9% of the population in rural Kerala. The wild lands are covered with dense forests, while other regions lie under tea and coffee plantations or other forms of cultivation. There is a lack of pure strands. The land of God, Kerala is believed to be a gift of the Arabian Sea. In the Midland Plains of central Kerala, the hills are not very steep and the valleys are wide. Physical Setting. Almost all of them have left their imprints on this land in some form or the other and that has helped us mould and design our own special way of interacting with the world. The characteristic pattern of this phenomenon is the swift and sudden downslope movement of highly water saturated overburden containing a varied assemblage of debris material ranging in size from soil particles to boulders, destroying and carrying with it every thing that is lying in its path. The geographical features of the place and the availability of water throughout the year make these places unique spot for it. In the southern and northern parts of the State the coastal belt also has some small hillocks. All rights reserved. English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU). KERALA: The god’s own country is one of the major tourist attraction as well as the best honeymoon destination in India. Company Information Elephants in Kerala seem to share a special bond with its keepers and the people of the state. In Kerala, you get bus services to all parts of the local town you live in. it has the most number of person literate in the whole world. Wayanad and Kozhikode districts are prone to deep seated landslides while Idukki and Kottayam are prone to shallow landslides. Kayakers are of the opinion that the rivers in Kerala have good, clear water as opposed to that in North India, where the water is hard and polluted.Adventure sports and tourism are getting a new lease of life in Kerala with the wide participation in various tourist destinations. This compares to the all-India average is 1,197 mm. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares. There are 44 rivers in the state, of which 41 originate from the Western Ghats and flow towards west into the Arabian Sea. Lake Vembanad—Kerala’s largest body of water —dominates the backwaters; it lies between Alappuzha and Kochi and is over 200 km² in area. 2. Parts of Kerala's lowlands may average only 1250 mm annually while the cool mountainous eastern highlands of Idukki district – comprising Kerala's wettest region – receive in excess of 5,000 mm of orographic precipitation (4,200 crore of which are available for human use) annually. The city sits amidst Noyyal's basin area and has an extensive tank system fed by the river and rainwater. In fact, the practitioners of Ayurveda in Kerala have evolved their own special formulations that are considered particularly efficacious. These facilitate inland travel throughout a region roughly bounded by Thiruvananthapuram in the south and Vadakara (which lies some 450 km to the north). Physiography: Kerala is divided into three geographical regions-Highlands; Midlands; Lowlands; The Highlands slope down from the Western Ghats (also known as the Sahyadri) which rise to an average height of 900m, with a number of peaks well over 1800 m in height. As seen in the majority of drought incidents, even a 20% fall in the northeast monsoon, can make the water scarcity situation worse during the summer. Less preparedness and the special feature of ground conduction adds to the pressure. Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Most of the state is engulfed in rich greenery which ensures a very calming experience at all times. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? Rolling grasslands are typical of the upland region. Natural Hazards in Kerala. On 10 September 2020, the European Soil Partnership held its Seventh Plenary Meeting (online). Lack of awareness also aggravates the situation. Physical Features of Australia. Although the deviation in the annual rainfall received in Kerala, in any year from the long term average is very small, there is considerable variation in the rainfall availability during the different seasons. Here, the Western Ghats form a wall of mountains penetrated near Palakkad; here, a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap breaks through to access inner India. It is flanked by the Arabian Sea on the west and the mountains of the Western Ghats on the east. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Urban floods result from blocked or inadequate storm sewers and due to increased urbanization. Tea and coffee estates have cropped up in the high ranges during the last two centuries. The droughts have a large dimension of economic, environmental and social impacts. ○   Boggle. The hills of Kerala dot the Western Ghat from Ponmudi in the south to Munnar in the centre and Sultan’s Bathery in the north. Kerala is one of the smallest states of India. They are called 'Urul … As many as 6,280 dwelling units were completely destroyed, 11,175 were damaged and nearly 84,773 persons were evacuated from the coastal areas and accommodated in 142 relief camps after tsunami. The nature of the terrain and its physical features, divides an east west cross section of the State into three distinct regions- hills and valleys, midland and plains and the coastal region. Increasing floodplain occupancy results in increasing flood damages. [4], The Kerala coast was significantly affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The generally pleasant climate prevalent here is what our guests end up loving. The climate of Kerala is generally a humid equatorial tropical climate. Kerala’s coast runs some 580 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 km in width. The land of Kerala emerged from the waters of the Arabian Sea with the blessing of Varuna - the God of Oceans and Bhumidevi - the Goddess of Earth. 47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'47" E and 77°.37'.12" E.[2] Kerala’s climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical,[3] heavily influenced by the seasonal heavy rains brought by the monsoon. [5] The highlands of the region experience an annual average rainfall as high as 500 cm from the South-West, North-East and Pre-Monsoon showers. Kerala has a 590 kilometer long coastline. 12 However, the STEPS survey in 2007–2008 showed that low level of physical activity was seen in 74.5% of the rural population in Kerala, which was similar to the present study. ○   Lettris The total area of Kerala accounts for 1.18% of the total landmass of India. Powered by In. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. Further, the tsunami pounded 187 villages affecting nearly 25 lakh persons in Kerala. (Peaty soils of backwaters are called Kari in Kerala). This land of Parasurama stretches north-south along a coastline of 580 km with a varying width of 35 to 120 km. 17. The human interventions contributing to flood problems are predominantly in the form of reclamation of wetlands and water bodies, change in landuse pattern, construction of dense networks of roads, establishment of more and more settlements, deforestation in the upper catchments etc. The backwaters cover almost half of the length of Kerala Source Extensive paddy fields, thick groves of coconut trees and picturesque backwaters, interconnected with canals and rivers are the features of this region. The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer). Severe drought conditions often result from the anomalies in monsoon rainfall combined with the various anthropogenic pressures. Celebrated as the Spice Coast of India, ancient Kerala played host to travellers and traders from across the world including the Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch, French and the British. The comparative water-richness of the coastal belt can be partly gauged by the fact that Kuttanad, with its backwaters canals and rivers, itself comprises more than 20% of India's waterways by length. The State of Kerala experiences seasonal drought conditions every year during the summer months. This unique geography of Kerala provides many hills, high mountains and valleys, dense forests along with the beautiful water bodies’ backwaters, lakes and beaches. Change the target language to find translations. Although similar plants are perhaps found in Himalayas, those found in Kerala have a special potency due to the State’s unique geographical position and tropical climate. Tourists can have a wonderful time riding on small boats through the beautiful backwater lagoons or can watch elephants roaming in … Origin of Kerala has been linked to a legend, which says that Kerala rose up from the sea when Lord Parasurama threw his axe into it and the sea receded to bring up this narrow strip of land from underneath. Meanwhile, its extreme eastern fringes experience a drier tropical wet and dry climate. Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML. Geography and Climate of Kerala. The highest peak of the peninsular India is Anamudi (2695 Metre) of Kerala; Rounded hills and shallow valleys are the physical features of this land; It is one of the oldest land of earth and formed from the Gondwana land As this tsunami is believed to be first of its kind to have significantly affected the Kerala coast, the post-tsunami field investigations and measurements would give valuable information on various changes brought by the tsunami. Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more. Art and culture have always been integral to Kerala. In the lowest lands, the midlands region hosts paddy fields; meanwhile, elevated lands slopes play host to groves of rubber and fruit trees in addition to other crops such as black pepper, tapioca, and others. Also the average height of mountains in Kerala is also shown. Physical map Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Palakkad (Palghat). In addition to the above networked systems and electrical equipment also get destroyed. They are called ‘Urul Pottal’ in the local vernacular. Other Physical landscape features of the place and the Cauvery River descends from there drains... Of harmony that runs though the different ceremonies and rituals natural environment is home to extraordinary... 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