The organic form is a necessary component of vitamin B12 and plays a very important role in forming amino acids and some proteins in nerve cells, and in creating neurotransmitters that are indispensable for correct functioning of the organism. The human body requires vitamin B12 in small amounts to carry on with its daily activities and bodily maintenance. Instead, other metals and minerals (metals are one type of mineral) are more important for our health (see "What essential metals do for us"). Cobalt is an essential micromineral, although the body only needs a small amount. Cobalt is a naturally occurring element in the earth's crust. Vitamin B-12, with the assistance of cobalt, is part of DNA synthesis, which is responsible for all genetic expression. The total daily intake of cobalt is variable and may be as much as 1 mg, but almost all will pass through the body unadsorbed, except that in vitamine B 12. Most of the human body is made up of water, H 2 O, with bone cells being comprised of 31% water and the lungs 83%. What is Cobalt Used For in The Body – Cobalt Function. Foods high in vitamin B-12 are the only source of cobalt used by the body. "Each one plays a role in hundreds of body functions. If you have a cobalt deficiency, this also means you have a vitamin B-12 deficiency. Symptoms of cobalt deficiency: Anemia, decreased nerve function. As an essential trace mineral, cobalt forms an important part of the vitamin called Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 plays a key role in metabolizing folic acids and fatty acids. Very small amounts are needed for animals and humans to stay healthy. Importance of Trace Elements in the Human Body. It’s best to take cobalt in vitamin B-12. Trace amounts of cobalt are found in most foods. It is a very small part of our environment. Cobalt poisoning can occur when you are exposed to large amounts of it. Anemia is a main cause of a cobalt deficiency. Cobalt increases the body’s ability to absorb it. Cobalt is an essential trace element for the human body and can occur in organic and inorganic forms. The absorption of iron, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper and zinc in the jejunum-ileum of control and iron-deficient rats. The human body requires minerals to convert food into energy, to prevent dehydration and to regulate the function of the heart and skeletal, muscular and nervous systems. Cobalt is used to treat anaemia with pregnant women, because it stimulates the production of red blood cells. Although required in very small amounts, trace elements such as iron, iodine, fluoride, copper, zinc, chromium, selenium, manganese and molybdenum are vital for maintaining health. Little evidence exists that cobalt plays a role in human nutrition other than its being a part of vitamin B12 (cobalamin). This is the case with pernicious anemia. 6. Cobalt is a component of vitamin B12, which supports the production of red blood cells. Cobalt (Co) Roles of cobalt in the body: Cobalt helps treat illnesses such as anemia and some infectious diseases; absorption and processing of vitamin B12; aids in repair of myelin, which surrounds and protects nerve cells; helps in the formation of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Therefore, it isn't surprising that most of a human body's mass is oxygen. 2006 May 21;147(20):925-30. Review. However, too high concentrations of cobalt may damage human health. Carbon, the basic unit for organic molecules, comes in second. Hungarian. The role of macro-elements in the human body Lakatos B, Balla J, Vinkler P, Szentmihályi K. Orv Hetil. The activity and function of cobalt is essentially the same as vitamin B12, hence, meaning that cobalt plays a major role in the process of erythropoiesis, the process wherein erythrocytes or red blood cells are produced. But they're more precious for the global economy than for human health. 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