Passionate letters from Beethoven to Josephine, written between 1804 and 1809, came to light in the 1970s. Passionate letters from Beethoven to Josephine, written between 1804 and 1809, came to light in the 1970s. Beethoven later admitted that he had to suppress his love of Josephine,[3] and she felt "enthusiastic" about him. Stackelberg, as a stranger of lower rank and not a Catholic, was immediately rejected by the status-conscious Brunsviks. When Count Deym died in Jan. 1804, Beethoven’s interest was rekindled. [16] This did not help Josephine, who needed money urgently, and she was in any case agonizing and suffering. “Countess Josephine.” Even with her puffy wet eyes and flushed skin, she remained beautiful. 343-462) and Tellenbach (1983, pp. ", Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1988): "Künstler und Ständegesellschaft um 1800: die Rolle der Vormundschaftsgesetze in Beethovens Beziehung zu Josephine Gräfin Deym." Beethoven taught composition, but he also had piano students, including Eleonore von Breuning and the sisters Therese and Josephine Brunsvik. Skwara/Steblin (2007), p. 183; Tellenbach (1983), p. 90. The identity of Immortal Beloved has never been proved (though Beethoven expert Virginia Oakley Beahrs has made a strong case that it must've been Josephine), leaving this as the sad epilogue to the lonely life of one of the world's greatest composers. Tellenbach (1983, p. 93 f.) gives a vivid account of Stackelberg's rather autocratic approach. [31], Countess Josephine von Brunsvik died on 31 March 1821, at age 42. [4] However, it was to the much older Joseph Count Deym (born 1752) that she was given in marriage – her mother needed a wealthy son-in-law of equal social standing. [Sie stellte mir vor wie ich in Genf hätte handeln sollen als sie mich um Hülfe ansprach - damals hätt' ich sie retten können.] Josephine refused, so he called the police to remove the three toddlers forcefully. After Beethoven’s death in 1827 an unsent love letter was discovered dedicated to his ‘Immortal Beloved’ – but who was she? Several musicologists consider her to be the most likely recipient of the mysterious "Letter to the Immortal Beloved". Zu. The Brunsvik family were members of the Hungarian nobility, and both she and her sister Josephine were students of Beethoven. She was now running this museum and he continued to give her lessons. 200 years after Beethoven wrote a passionate love letter to a woman whose name he omitted, here is the life story of Josephine Countess von Brunsvik, the only woman whom the composer ever loved: There were at least 15 more love letters to her. From later diary notes by Therese[10] and a letter by Stackelberg in 1815,[11] it appears that Josephine was too weak to resist his amorous advances – with the result that she was pregnant when the two sisters returned, with Stackelberg, to Hungary in the summer of 1809. New Perspectives on the Love Story of the Great Composer. At this stage, however, her and her sister Therese's diaries end abruptly and do not continue until about two months later. In several letters to Beethoven, Josephine used the words “I love you”, quite unambiguously – who is stretching here? Steblin (2007, p. 163 f.) presents new documents that clearly show that Stackelberg must have been away (maybe in Vienna but not at home) during the first half of July 1812. Thirteen letters that Beethoven wrote to the widowed Countess Josephine Deym between 1804 to 1807 were publicly unknown until they were published in 1957. 13, Op. [14] The couple also had strong disagreements about the methods of education. "I would have to violate sacred bonds if I gave in to your request – Believe me – that I, by doing what is my duty, suffer the most – and that surely noble motives were guiding my actions." 14. ): First English Biography of the Only Woman Beethoven Ever Loved: Klapproth, John E: Amazon.sg: Books Alles über die einzige Frau, die Beethoven je geliebt hat (Umfassende Neubearbeitung)". ], Steblin, Rita (2007): "'Auf diese Art mit A geht alles zugrunde.' Josephine von Brunswick and her sister, Therese, got Beethoven to teach them. Josephine's fate was an extremely tragic one: Starting off as a promising pianist (with Beethoven's help), the rich and beautiful young Countess was coveted and admired by Viennese High Society. But he resisted showing his aching for her. These letters reveal a passion that causes Beethoven’s prose to break down into fragments and underlines: ), "... nicht nach P - t, sondern mit P. - abreden, wie es am besten zu machen sey." [23], Josephine then threw out Andrian, who took over his illegitimate daughter and raised her alone (she died two years later of the measles). In 1814, Stackelberg turned up again to pick up "his" children (including Minona). ?uvre by Marie Elisabeth Tellenbach (2014-06-10): Marie Elisabeth Tellenbach: Books - Amazon.ca In 1808, Therese joined her sister on a long journey that led them to Yverdon-les-Bains in Switzerland where they met the famous educator Pestalozzi, to find a teacher for Josephine's two school-age sons. ", Skwara, Dagmar/Steblin, Rita (2007): "Ein Brief Christoph Freiherr von Stackelbergs an Josephine Brunsvik-Deym-Stackelberg." 73.). For a detailed analysis of "Music as Biography" see Goldschmidt (1977, pp. Her father Anton died in 1792, leaving his wife Anna (née von Seeberg) with four young children; the other three were Therese (1775–1861), the first-born, Franz (1777–1849), the only son and sole heir, and Charlotte (1782–1843). They admired especially the music of Ludwig van Beethoven, who during the 1790s had established himself as a star pianist in the Austrian capital of Vienna. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. [12] Mother Anna von Brunsvik very reluctantly gave her written consent to the marriage,[13] not only to give the baby a father, but also because Stackelberg threatened to discontinue the education of the Deym children otherwise. A crucial moment came in 1957 when German musicologist Joseph Schmidt-Görg published thirteen previously unknown love letters by Beethoven to Josephine von Brunswick that could be dated to the period between 1804 and 1809/10, when she was a widow after the early death of her first husband, Count Deym. She was his “Only Beloved”, his “Everything”, his “Angel”. The wedding took place without any guests in February 1810 in Esztergom (Gran), a Hungarian town. er ist gefühllos für bittende in der Noth... Ich will Liebert in Prague [!] [19] The main point of this new marriage contract was that Stackelberg had it in writing that he could leave her any time – which he subsequently did when a daughter, Minona, was born on 8 April 1813 (it is possible he suspected she could not have been his child). After some initial (mainly financial) difficulties, the Deyms developed a reasonably happy relationship,[5] and Beethoven, continuing as Josephine's piano teacher, was a regular visitor. Fate would have it that just when Josephine was certain to finally see her children again, Christoph von Stackelberg's brother Otto turned up in Trautenau to take them away. Being pregnant and due to the long since irreparably broken relationship, she was not interested. 111), described as 'like requiems' by musicologists,[32] with discernible reminiscences to "Josephine's Theme", the Andante favori, which itself has been discerned to repeatedly chant Jo-seph-ine.[33]. The language in them resembles that in the letter from the secret compartment. Though in 1800 her mother married her off to the 50-year old Count von Dehm, an unhappy marriage like her subsequent marriage, the later biographers found convincing evidence for a deep and lasting commitment between two lonely souls, Josephine and Beethoven. [8], Towards the end of 1807, Josephine began to yield to the pressure by her family and withdrew from Beethoven; she was not at home when he came to see her. "Solomon believed that Beethoven panicked, and used the letter as a means to gently extricate himself from the situation." 11 Trio for the combination of clarinet, cello and piano in late 1797 or 1798. (2nd ed. ", Beahrs, Virginia (1993): "Beethoven's Only beloved? It … ), "Beethoven is very often here, he gives Pepi lessons – this is a bit. ): First English Biography of the Only Woman Beethoven Ever Loved by Klapproth, John E online on Amazon.ae at best prices. After many lost lawsuits, nerve-wracking disputes and arguments that left Josephine in a desperate state of mind, Stackelberg left her (probably in June 1812, supposedly due to a sudden religious impetus, to find consolation in prayer and pious contemplation). Later that year Josephine married Count Joseph Deym, but was widowed five years later... See the full gallery: The women in Beethoven's life, Clarinet Concerto No.1 in F minor Opus 73 (2), Beethoven at 250: famous figures share what his music, This 3-year-old kid conducting to Beethoven’s Fifth is, ‘Fullnaming’ Mozart and Beethoven to fight sexism and, racism? In, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:47. Josephine's main concern was to retain the custodianship of her four children by Deym, and she managed to find a new modus vivendi with her estranged husband in August 1812. Josephine's second marriage was unhappy from day one, and it only got worse. Ludwig van Beethoven (/ ˈ l ʊ d v ɪ ɡ v æ n ˈ b eɪ t oʊ v ən / (); German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoːfn̩] (); baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. On Maynard Solomon's Interpretations of Beethoven and Schubert]. ... She must be on her guard! Beethoven's Only Beloved: Josephine! In: Hoffmann, Freia & Rieger, Eva (ed. According to her diary entries in June 1812,[17] Josephine clearly intended to go to Prague. In March/April 1805, Beethoven went to great lengths to explain to Josephine that there was no need to worry after his patron Prince Lichnowsky had discovered the autograph of the song "An die Hoffnung" [To Hope] with the secret dedication to Josephine on Beethoven’s desk (later published without dedication). (in Solomon 2005, p. Carl Maria Von Weber Buy Beethoven's Only Beloved: Josephine! [Artists and the Class Society in 1800: the Role of Guardianship Laws in Beethoven’s Relationship to Josephine Countess Deym.]. Buy Beethoven and His Immortal Beloved Josephine Brunsvik: Her Fate and the Influence on Beethoven's Oeuvre by Tellenbach, Marie Elisabeth, Klapproth, John E online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Faces of Classical Musichttp://facesofclassicalmusic.blogspot.gr/•(HD 1080p)It is 9 June 1804. Beethoven and His Immortal Beloved Josephine Brunsvik: Her Fate and the Influence on Beethoven's ? In the quest for the identification of Beethoven's mysterious Immortal Beloved, which, since the composer's death, has kept a lot of researches busy, a number of candidates has emerged of which Josephine Baroness von Stackelberg, née Countess von Brunsvik, widowed Countess von Deym, in recent years was able to secure a leading position. The Lied, Art Song, and Choral Texts Page, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Josephine_Brunsvik&oldid=991326993, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Beahrs, Virginia (1986): "The Immortal Beloved Revisited. Josephine Countess von Brunsvik was born on 28 March 1779 in Preßburg (now Bratislava in Slovakia), then part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In: Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1999): "Die Bedeutung des Adler-Gleichnisses in Beethovens Brief an Therese Gräfin Brunswick. Beethoven first met Josephine and her sister Therese when the two visited Vienna with their mother in 1799. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. *** Siehe das neueste Buch zu diesem Thema: Die 2. The innocent trip resulted in lifelong friendships and a fatal love affair. ", Steblin, Rita (2009): "Beethovens 'Unsterbliche Geliebte': des Rätsels Lösung." The children grew up enjoying an education by private teachers, studying languages and classic literature; all four turned out to be talented musicians: Franz became a distinguished violoncellist, the girls excelled at the piano – most of all, Josephine. 91.). [A Letter by Christoph Baron von Stackelberg to Josephine Brunsvik-Deym-Stackelberg. Smooth Classics with Myleene Klass “Klapproth assigns dates of 1809 to Beethoven’s and Josephine’s final surviving letters, without explanation. The Brunsviks lived in a magnificent castle in Martonvásár near Budapest; the family also had a castle in Korompa (Dolna Krupa in Slovakia). Josephine was a widow with four young children and Beethoven gave concerts in her house. The language in them resembles that in the letter from the secret compartment. [26], There is evidence[27] that both Josephine and Beethoven were in Baden in the summer of 1816 where they most likely met, and it even seems that they had planned it: Josephine had requested a passport to travel to the German spa of Bad Pyrmont but did not go there after all. Josephine and Therese – excited to hear of them again after almost two years - scraped together as much money as they could and sent it to Leyer, who soon afterward suggested they should take the children home to their mother where they belonged, given that their father had gone missing. Josephine Brunsvik (1779-1821) Beethoven first met Josephine and her sister Therese when the two visited Vienna with their mother in 1799. (in Tellenbach 1983, p. Ludwig van Beethoven - Ludwig van Beethoven - Beethoven and women: In this period too, he considered more seriously than before the idea of marriage. The daughter was born in 1813, 5 years after his relationship with Josephine had ended (and ended badly, I … Her humiliation became his own. Meanwhile, Beethoven traveled to Teplitz (Teplice) via Prague, where, on 3 July 1812, he must have met a woman he subsequently called his "Immortal Beloved" in a letter written on 6/7 July (which he kept to himself).[18]. Josephine gave birth to three children in quick succession, and was pregnant with the fourth, when Count Deym died suddenly of pneumonia in January 1804. Beethoven's women: class differences, the immortal beloved and a possible love child Countess Josephine Brunsvik. Several musicologists consider her to be the most likely recipient of the mysterious "Letter to the Immortal Beloved".[1]. Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1992): 'Beethovens Schülerin Josephine Brunswick, oder warum seine "Unsterbliche Geliebte" ihn nicht geheiratet hat' [Beethoven's Pupil Josephine Brunsvik, or Why His "Immortal Beloved" Did Not Marry Him]. The man recommended to them was the Estonian baron Christoph von Stackelberg (1777–1841), who joined them on their return trip to Austria, via Geneva, southern France and Italy. “Beethoven has to be learnt” – or Ludwig and Josephine, in three acts 30 January 2020 In May 1799, Baroness Anna Seeberg and her daughters left Budapest for Vienna to take piano lessons from Ludwig van Beethoven, the 29-year-old up-and-coming artist of the day. The Brunsvik family increased the pressure to terminate the relationship. Beethoven and His Immortal Beloved Josephine Brunsvik: Her Fate and the Influence on Beethoven's Oeuvre: Tellenbach, Marie Elisabeth, Klapproth, John E: Amazon.sg: Books Albrecht [1996] and Anderson place them in 1807, the currently accepted dates … "Today has been a difficult day for me... Stackelberg wants to leave me on my own. ): Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1993/1994): "Psychoanalysis and the Historiocritical Method: On Maynard Solomon's Image of Beethoven." [Ich habe heute einen schweren Tag... St. will daß ich mir selbst sitzen soll. [20], Josephine, alone and increasingly ailing, "hired the dubious mathematics teacher Andrian [Karl Eduard von Andrehan-Werburg] ... she gradually fell under his charismatic spell, becoming pregnant and giving birth to Emilie [on 16 September 1815], hiding in a hut. And so you have these letters that turned up, and the language is very close to what Beethoven used in the letter to the Immortal Beloved – calls her, my angel, my all. "She reproached me that I should have acted in Geneva when she asked me for help - then I could have saved her." Beethoven became acquainted with Guicciardi through the Brunsvik family (often known in English as "Brunswick"). Beethoven continued to see the young widow frequently (rather too frequently, as sister Charlotte soon observed,[6]) and wrote her more and more passionate love letters (of which 15 have survived, though not published before 1957). Stackelberg reacted by writing her a long letter indicating how much he "despised" her,[22] and also went to the police to slander her: a police report on 30 June 1815 about Josephine’s "reputation" was possibly based on Stackelberg's report of an alleged incestuous incident among her children. This was later misinterpreted as a "cooling down" of her love.[9]. Beethoven composed not only this song (Op. Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1998): "Psychoanalyse und historisch-philologische Methode. At the same time, many of Beethoven's greatest works are believed to have been inspired by his rocky love life. See also Tellenbach (1988) for the effect of guardianship laws. I want to see Liebert in Prague [!]." 53, discarded for its sensuousness for an austere, introspective introduction to the concluding rondo finale). [Beethoven's "Immortal Beloved": the Riddle Solved. Josephine died indigent in March 1821 as Beethoven was composing his penultimate piano sonata, opus 110, which contains a trace of the Andante favori, Josephine’s theme. 31 (Op. Josephine's first child by Stackelberg, Maria Laura, was born in secret (December 1809). Beethoven remains one of the most admired composers in the history of Western music; his works rank amongst the most performed of the classical music repertoire. In May 1799,[2] Anna took Therese and Josephine to Vienna to ask Beethoven to give her daughters piano lessons. Beethoven to Countess Josephine Deym [Vienna, Early December 1804]", Beethoven signed as "your – your – your Beethowen" of Josephine's, which is equivalent to "Beethoven" twice with a mark of separation..., the same as with "Jacob, Jacob". [28] Intriguingly, in August 1816, Beethoven made an entry in his Diary: "not to P – t, but with P. - discuss the best way how to arrange it. 110) and No. (Josephine to Beethoven, Winter 1806/7, in Schmidt-Görg 1957, p. 205-267). Passionate letters from Beethoven to Josephine, written between 1804 and 1809, came to light in the 1970s. Most of this account follows Therese's Memoirs (in La Mara 1909) and Diaries (in Czeke 1938) and the biography by Tellenbach (1983). In: Tellenbach, Marie-Elisabeth (1996): 'Noch eine Geliebte Beethovens gefunden – oder erfunden? 21.) Ausgabe, überarbeitet und erweitert, des "Handbuch: Unsterbliche Geliebte. : "Oh beloved J., ... when I met you for the first time - I was determined not to let a spark of love germinate in me..." [... o geliebte J., ... als ich zu ihnen kam – war ich in der festen Entschlossenheit, auch nicht einen Funken Liebe in mir keimen zu laßen...] (Beethoven to Josephine, March/April 1805, in Schmidt-Görg 1957, p. 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