Also, the BMI and %BF of the players are in a normal range for good performance. Flexibility: The sit-and-reach test was conducted indoors using a sit-and-reach box supplied with a tape measure using the procedures outlined in the ACSM manual19. A short summary of this paper. Badminton is a highly demanding sport. For the professional matches of Badminton the weight of feathered shuttle is fixed from BWF. Greater flexibility of the trunk and stroke arm is undoubtedly an important factor as well as hip and hamstring flexibility38. Both knees were held together and flat on the floor. A badminton player moving around the court from back to front and side to side at high speed and efficiency Balance The ability to maintain the body’s centre of mass above the base of support The badminton sport science training programme provided will involve testing 17 elite youth badminton players at key points within the badminton season. The objective of the study was to compare the flexibility and body composition between college level male badminton and football players. In future posts, I will cover in detail each nutrient, their role in the body and what it means for you as a player. Fats: Also produce energy. For motric abilities evaluation the players used their usual Fifty (50) male college level football players (N=25) and badminton players (N=25) age ranging between 17 to 25years were selected by simple random sampling from different colleges of Panjab University, Chandigarh for this study. The weight of the male badminton players in this study is lower than that of elite badminton players reported in several studies10,29,32 whose values were 67.9±3.6, 71.65±5.7 and 80.7±9.05 kg, respectively. Height is an advantage in executing attacking strokes in badminton10. Without them, the body cannot carry out its biological processes effectively or even at all. The players’ weight in the current study is also lower than those obtained in studies on sub-elite male badminton players who weighted 77.5±5.9 kg28 and junior players whose body mass were 61.1±16.6 and 63.5±4.9 kg27,31, respectively. Running Speed (RS) tests: Running speed testing was performed to determine acceleration, maximum RS and sped endurance using a set distance of 35 m dash23. It would be rather advantageous for the male players as horizontal explosiveness is important in taking lunge jumps to execute net shots. Dynamic and strong upper body endurance are required to withstand the repetitive nature of striking the shuttle15. An explosive player will typically be able to jump high, change direction quickly and will generally appear to be swift and mobile on the badminton court, due to ability to combine coordination and muscular properties38 and will have a significantly improved and reduced reaction in the response-time during movements. Height was measured as the perpendicular distance between the vertex of the head and the feet. Good nutrition is a healthy, long term approach to the consumption of food. Except, flexibility, male players had superior anthropometric and motor fitness compared to female players. The values obtained in the current study falls within these ranges. Background and Objective: Anthropometric indicators of body size and proportions, physique and body composition are important factors in physical performance and fitness. Therefore it’s important to fuel the body with enough nutrients in order to keep playing at an optimal level. Precise feedback will be provided to the High Performance Badminton Coach on the various aspects of badminton specific fitness and guidelines provided on the areas of development for each badminton player. The ability to cover short distances quickly will also be of great advantage to the badminton player16. Hitting the shuttlecock uses … However, there are few comparisons of anthropometric characteristics and body composition in young high-level tennis, badminton and table tennis players. Anthropometric characteristics are closely linked with motor performance characteristics as body size and proportions, physique and body composition are important factors in physical performance and fitness. The male (4.6±0.3 sec) players had a significantly (t = 4.3; p<0.05) faster RS than the female (5.3±0.4 sec) players. This study has made to show a diagram of physiological indexes in female Iranian athletes and show the physical capacity necessary to practice these sports to be established Key words: Somatotype, body composition, tennis, table tennis, badminton, and squash players The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 software was used to determine the descriptive, multiple correlation coefficient (r) and independent t-test statistics. Water: The source of all life. The anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of the participants stratified by gender are displayed in Table 1. Moderate increase in lean BMI will result in greater speed, strength and power without a loss of flexibility and explosive power34. For example, a recent study of US National Football League (NFL) players compared current players with those of 30 years ago, across a wide range of body composition measurements including height, weight, fat-free mass and BMI . Muscular fitness Of course, this is a key element. Out of the options of Body Size and Composition, Muscle Strength, Muscular Endurance, Power, Speed / Quickness, Agility, Flexibility, Balance and Coordination, and Cardiovascular Endurance, the factors which are considered most important by the readers of this site are Agility and Speed / Quickness. Multiple correlation coefficient (r) and independent t-test were used to examine if any significant differences existed in the anthropometric motor performance characteristics between male and female as well as their playing status (National and provincial). BODY CONTROL DURING EXECUTION OF A SHOT Resistance training can also benefit the badminton player to maintain optimal posture and body control when exe-cuting shots. It’s basically a conscious effort to avoid “bad foods.” In doing so, the end goal is often to lose weight/fat. The adductors and abductors, located on the inside and outside of your thighs, respectively, are also heavily involved, especially when you lunge in multiple directions. We will be exploring each nutrient separately and why they are important to a player’s development and recovery, and the impact each nutrient has on training and match fitness. It is concluded that the Badminton players of this study presented similar results to elite players from other countries. No other copying or use is permitted without written agreement from the author. The time taken to cover the distance was recorded in seconds. D Scholar Sardar Patel University, Anand, Gujarat, India A comparative study of selected anthropometric ... certain measurements between players of Badminton and Table-Tennis. 2009. Body mass index was derived by dividing the weight in kilogram (kg) by the height in meter-square (m2). The body, being energy efficient(! Both VJ and LJ measures were aimed at determining the leg muscle power of the participants. The results showed that the average Nigerian sub-elite badminton player was 174.1 ± 6.92 cm tall, weighed 67.37 ± 6.56 kg,had a BMI of 22.3 ± 2.21, Ʃ7 skinfolds of 52.98 ± 13.7 mm and % body fat of 9.18 ± 4.56. The finding of this study further confirm that scientific physical conditioning and training principles are important for optimal performance in badminton; and thus, should be followed in designing the training protocol for badminton players. Similarly, the Long Jump (LJ) test, the average of three best jumps, marking the difference between the length of the standing lunge and the maximum LJ length as described by Haff and Triplett20 was recorded in in centimeters. PDF. Shuttle run (SR) is considered one of the most popular agility training among badminton players. The national (4215.4±1453.6 and 4701.0±1144.0 W) players had significantly (p<0.05) higher mean VJ and LJ power than the provincial (3669.0±1222.8 and 3717.6±1071.1 W) players (Table 2). Playing badminton requires the use of the following major muscles: The muscles of the lower leg; the gastrocnemius, the soleus and the anterior tibialis. Nutrition is concerned with calories in as far as ensuring we replenish our energy through the right food sources, and not simply replacing it with anything. It is key for growth and cell/tissue repair and therefore an important in terms of recovery from strength training for example. ), Will take the excess energy and store it for a later date in the form of fat. Weight was measured in light clothing without shoes using a calibrated digital electronic weighing scale (Seca 813, Seca, UK) to the nearest 0.1 kg. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The explosive powers of the study participants obtained were 3779.8±1309.3 W (50.9±10.2 cm) for VJ and 3925.5±1260.8 W (53.3±9.4 cm) for LJ. Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" (with one player per side) and "doubles" (with two players per side). This is what leads to weight gain. PDF. Materials and Methods: Height, weight, skinfolds, arm span and chest width, sit and reach, running speed, push-up, sit-up, vertical jump height and long jump length were taken from 29 participants (20 males and 9 females), including six national players. The cardiopulmonary function is the ability of the human body to naturally produce sweat when needed. Study was conducted on 50 Badminton male players (25 inter college and 25 under-19 School male Badminton players) from. There was no significant gender difference (t = 0.7; p = 0.43) in SR. These are just a couple of examples of why good nutrition is important to a badminton player. Download Full PDF Package. Usually, people mean eating less food in an attempt to reduce their calories. The size of feathers must be 2 to 12 inches. This uses carbohydrates. A diet can mean several things. For all statistical analyses the level of significance was set at p<0.05. Furthermore, long arms are advantageous in badminton that involves jumping to reach a shuttle at the highest possible point when descending for a better stroke as in a smash and drop shot13,14. Both contain protein (one of the essential nutrients) but even without being particularly knowledgeable on the subject, you already know which one is the healthier option. The number will vary on a number of factors such as muscle mass, fat levels, age, gender etc. *Significant at 0.05 level, SR: Sit and reach, BMI: Correlation values between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics. A correlation was also found between AAL and motor performance characteristics, with the exception of SR (r = 0.05) and LJ (r = 021). or other muscles are sore the next day. The findings of this study should inform trainers, coaches and sport scientists in the designing and training programme to enhance badminton performance. There was no significant correlation between weight and motor performance characteristics (SR, RS, PU, SU, VJ and LJ) (r = 0.07, 0.04, 0.99, 0.12, 0.11 and 0.24; p>0.05). Similarly, there was no significant correlation between BMI and motor performance characteristics on all the variables. The diameter of the … High levels of flexibility are also needed so that the players are able to position themselves to hit the shuttlecock more powerfully25. The present study revealed a strong disparity between the male and female (t = 4.78, p = 0.00) in AAL, but there was no difference between the national and provincial players (t = 0.55, p = 0.58) in this regard. Explosive power also helps in reaching un-anticipated shots, where a quick, explosive movement to a relatively far distance has to be executed. Body composition: Anthropometric variables [weight (kg), height (cm), skinfolds (mm) chest width (cm) and arm span (cm)] were measured according to the protocols of International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry18. The maximal reach distance was recorded in centimeters after three trials. A calibrated vertical stadiometer (Seca Portable 217 Seca, UK) was used to measure stature to the nearest 0.1 cm. I will cover them quite generally here. Badminton nutrition is key to long term successful performance on the court. The males (140.0±6.3 cm) had a higher mean AAL than the females (129.2±3.5 cm), thus, indicating a significant difference (t = 4.78; p<0.05). Body composition is an important aspect of fitness11. The number will vary on a number of factors such as muscle mass, fat levels, age, gender etc. It was not surprising that the body composition of the badminton girls indicated more fat tissue than for the badminton boys. The male players had superior anthropometric and motor performance qualities than the female players. The body will use a certain amount of energy every day just on maintenance. Similarly, the national (138.2±9.6 cm) players had higher AAL values than the provincial (136.3±7.1 cm) players, respectively. However, their LJ performances were not substantially different (t = 0.4; p>0.05). The mean values of anthropometry (height, weight, body mass index and foot length) of male badminton players in this study were 162.43 ± 4.69 cm, weight 53.14 ± 9.65 kg, body mass index of 20.13 ± 3.36 kg m2, foot length of 25.06 ± 0.89 cm. Readings were taken to the nearest 0.1 cm. This is generally from microtears created in the muscles from training. Explosive power is crucial to good court movement and correct positioning on the court15. This present study examined the relationship between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of Nigerian national badminton players. It’s so important to every aspect of the body, including chemical processes, joint protection and aids in the absorption of every nutrient. The VJ value in the study, corresponds with those obtained from local league, national league and elite level badminton players, which ranged from 55-75 cm38, whereas 60-70 cm is the minimum range for the lunge jump for male badminton players38, however, the females had lower values in comparison. Similarly, there was no significant difference (t = 0.13; p>0.05) between the national and provincial players according to playing status. Deep gratitude is extended to people who contributed toward the successful conduct of the study, most especially Coach Muhammad Bako (ABC), Coach Usman Usman, Oluwole Desmond Oni, Eneojo Abah and the entire Nigeria Badminton Federation staff. Body composition is typically expressed in two figures: overall weight and percent of body fat. Vertical Jump test (VJ): The procedure to describes the method used for directly measuring the VJ height jumped. There was no significant difference obtained between inter-college level male football and badminton players on body composition (% of body fat, total body fat). Thus, badminton requires good anticipation of the shot and on-court agility including both physical and perpetual speed. Badminton players requires tremendous physical ability, most especially agility, aerobic capacity and explosive power17, for successive and improved performance. Free PDF. The study further demonstrated the muscular endurance and strength of the players would have a negative effect on their performance, especially if the players with attacking tactics, smash and clears frequently. The aims of this study were to describe the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite male and female junior tennis players, to compare the anthropometric data, body composition and somatotype of the first 12 elite junior tennis players on the ranking with the lower ranked players, and to establish an anthropometric profile chart for elite junior tennis players. Significant difference was found between inter-college level male football and badminton players on lean body mass (LBM). Statistical analysis: Descriptive statistics, including means and Standard Deviations (±SD) were used to describe the players’ anthropometric and motor performance characteristics. Performance ability33 0.1 cm qualities than the female players endless drills and match experience improved performance vary on a of. About ensuring we are going to cover the distance was recorded with a high lean muscle mass, levels! 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