During his reign occurred the conversion of Queen Christina of Sweden, who, after her abdication, came to reside in Rome, where on Christmas Day, 1655, she was confirmed by the Pope, in whom she found a generous friend and benefactor. Alexander VII died at age 66 from kidney failure. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. Innocent X called him to Rome in 1651 to be his secretary of state, and in February, 1652, made him Cardinal. His pursuit of political goals and unremitting efforts to aggrandize his family were seen as excessive. Pope Alexander VI (Latin: Alexander Sextus; 1431–1503), born Rodrigo Lanzol y Borja, was an Spanish cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 215th Pope from 1492 to 1503. (See LOUIS XIV.) Alexander VI, corrupt, wordly, and ambitious pope (1492–1503), whose neglect of the spiritual inheritance of the church contributed to the development of the Protestant Reformation. Burchard recorded the events that surrounded the death of the Pope. Corrections? Early life. With their advent came a marked change in the manner of life of the pontiff. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Gerard Haffner. Pope Alexander VI is considered to have been one of the worst popes in history , and he has maintained this reputation for centuries. Soon, however, he started to bestow lands, power, and wealth to his relatives. Birthplace: Siena, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Pope Alexander VII - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedia Fabio Chigi was born at Siena in 1599, the son of a distinguished family of bankers. Pope Alexander VI made many alliances to secure his position. This article intends to distinguish him from the many other men to have donned the crown and vestments of his title in the hope that the information will better stand out in the mind of its audience. The late 15th-century rule of Pope Alexander VI was rife with nepotism, bribery, and scandalous sex — a legacy that’s caused him to be called the most corrupt pope in … Calixtus III: The First Borgia Pope. On April 8th, 1455, shortly after being made a cardinal, Alfons … Cath. In this era, it wasn’t too scandalous for high-ranking church officials to … His reign is memorable in the annals of moral … The pontificate of Alexander VII was shadowed by continual difficulties with the young and ill-advised Louis XIV of France, whose representatives were a constant source of annoyance to the Pope. From: 'St. That he obtained the papacy through simony was the general belief (Pastor, loc. He was beatified by Pope Alexander VII in 1661 and canonized in 1664 by the same pope. Peterson, John Bertram. Allegory of Fortunearoused such a furor that only intervention by the pope… In 1627 he was appointed by Urban VIII Vice-Legate of Ferrara, and he served five years under the Cardinals Sacchetti and Pallotta, whose commendations won for him the important post of Inquisitor of Malta, together with the episcopal consecration. He also encouraged architecture, and the general improvement of Rome, where houses were razed to straighten and widen streets and where he had the opportunity to be a great patron for Gian Lorenzo Bernini: the decorations of the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, titular churches for several of the Chigi cardinals, the Scala Regia… 1. The choice was considered providential. Birthplace: Játiva, Spain Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, . . Alexander VII, POPE (FABIO CHIGI), b. at Sienna, February 13, 1599; elected April 7, 1655; d. at Rome, May 22, 1667.The Chigi of Sienna were among the most illustrious and powerful of Italian families. Fabio Chigi, from a powerful Sienese family, actively supported the Sienese painter. [For details of the conclave see Pastor, "Hist. His burden being in this way lightened, he passed much of his time in literary pursuits and in the society of the learned; but the friends whom he favoured were those who could be best relied on as counsellors. The Catholic Encyclopedia. His reign is memorable in the annals of moral theology for the condemnation of a number of erroneous propositions. Alexander VII died in 1667 and was memorialised in a spectacular tomb by Bernini. By his high-handed abuse of the traditional right of asylum granted to ambassadorial precincts in Rome, he precipitated a quarrel between France and the papacy, which resulted in the Pope's temporary loss of Avignon and his forced acceptance of the humiliating treaty of Pisa in 1664. Pope Alexander VII Fabio Chigi. His own sanctity of life, severity of morals, and aversion to luxury made more resplendent his virtues and talents. Born Rodrigo de Borjain in Xàtiva, Valencia, Spain, he was proclaimed Pope in 1492. After becoming Pope Alexander VII in 1655, Chigi summoned Mei to Rome in 1657. His pontificate was marked by several disputes; he confirmed the condemnation of Jansenism but supported the Jesuits, allowing them to use Chinese rites for their mission work in China. Borgia, by a bare two-thirds majority secured by his own vote, was proclaimed Pope on the morning of 11 Aug., 1492, and took the name of Alexander VI. Details. As the Spanish faction was well disposed towards Chigi there now remained only Donna Olympia to win over. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Updates? The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.org. Alexander forbade his relatives to come to Rome. As King Ferdinand I of Naples was threatening to come to the aid of the rightful duke Gian Galeazzo, the husband of his granddaughter Isabella, Alexander VI encouraged the French king in his plan for the conquest of N… Alexander VII, who as adviser of Innocent X had vigorously advocated the condemnation, confirmed it in 1665 by the Bull "Ad Sacram" declaring that it applied to the aforesaid work of Jansen and to the very meaning intended by him; he also sent to France his famous "formulary", to be signed by all the clergy as a means of detecting and extirpating Jansenism. Poor health that began in infancy he was succeeded by Pope Clement IX ( 1667–69 ).. Works after... 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