Guava trees are hardy, aggressive perennials native to tropical and subtropical America. It will fetch high income in a short period with steady speed. Inoculation technique (stem hole inoculation) for reproduction of wilt in guava has been standardized. Fruit flies are among the world’s most serious pests of different horticultural crops due to their direct impact on economy. 7. Infestation of fruit fly ranged from 20.00 to 46.00 per cent with crop loss of 16.00 to 40.00 per cent, which is a matter of serious concern. 2.2 Fruit rot: Phytophthora nicotianae Dastur, P. nicotianae Breda de Haan var. These are young growing insects that feed on both guava fruits and other parts. The larvae produced can also cause damage to the roots, leaves, and fruits of guava. Bangladesh J. Agric. Comparative efficacy of various treatments for controlling pomegranate fruit borer Guava fruit (Psidium guajava) is a mainstay commodity in Bogor and Bogor district is a supplier of guava into surrounding towns. Infested fruit should be removed and destroyed; plowing around bases of trees infested with guava fruit flies exposes pupae to damaging heat from the sun and to natural enemies; pheromone traps are used successfully in some regions to control guava fruit flies; millions of sterile Caribbean fruit flies are introduced yearly in Florida to control populations on citrus. Control; Fruit fly: An extremely scary pest to destroy guava that sucks fruits, rots them that leads to dropping. guava, fruit canker, Anthracnose and Cercospora leaf spot occurring in northen and eastern India as well as other guava growing areas. Fruit rot: Phytophthora nicotianae Dastur, P. nicotianae Breda de Haan var. Orange fruit borer feeds on many plants including avocado, citrus, feijoa and macadamia. Later on maggots feed on pulp afterward fruits starts rotting and get drop. Young and mature fruit can be attacked. The guava moth is well established in Northland and has made its way south to Auckland over the past few years. Res. Fruits should be harvested on third day after spray. 5. Do harvesting at right time. Guava Health Benefits: Control Blood Pressure, Boost Immunity And Much More With This Winter Fruit. Authors: Kumar, Chandan: Advisor: Ray, S. N. Title: Studies on seasonal incidence of insect-pests and pollinators in guava and eco-friendly management of fruit fly are known to attack guava plants (Butani, 1979). ISHS I International Guava Symposium STUDIES ON INCIDENCE AND CROP LOSSES BY FRUIT BORER DEUDORIX ISOCRATES (LEP: LYCAENIDAE) ON GUAVA Damage: Minor and sporadic. Bangladesh J Entomol 5:33–39 Google Scholar Butani DK (1978) Insect pests of fruit crops and their control. Fix fruit fly traps @ 16 traps per acre in first week of July for the control of fruit fly. The adult moths are large and stout-bodied, with a wingspan of 100 mm. If orchards are having history of fruit fly, avoid taking rainy season crop. Morphology and control of fruit borer (Virachola isocrates F.) of guava. Gymnandrosoma aurantianum is a small blackish brown to black tortricid moth with a whitish or pale pinkish, grub-like larva that feeds on the buds and fruit of several plant families, primarily Rutaceae and Sapindaceae. Guava trees produce sweet smelling fruits with an edible rind, with a creamy white, yellow or pink flesh. Several insect-pests viz., fruit flies, bark eating caterpillars, whiteflies, semilooper, fruit borers, stem borers etc. Guava Shoot Borer (Microcolona Technographa): Shoot borer is serious under nursery conditions. Diseases 2.1 Guava wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. 21 (2): 294-300. Stem canker and dry fruit rot: Physalopara psidii Stevens & Pierce and Diplodia netalensis Evans.] Avoid delay in harvesting. In India Guava is cultivated throughout except higher hills. Abstract. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. Download RIS citation. Fruit borer (Virachola Isocrates) Larva bore into the fruits and feed the pulp. Guava is also damaged by worms-like insect pests called maggots. Many fruit crops including guava provide a stable ecosystem offering good opportunities for biological control of insect and mite pests. Guava Fruit Benefits: Guava contains properties beneficial for your overall health in several ways. 6. Tea Mosquito Bug (Helopeltis antonii) The nymphs and adults puncture fruits of all sizes, tender shoots and leaves to suck sap. Guava fruit contains maximum vitamin C and it contains antioxidant factors and can control systolic blood pressure. Bactrocera correcta is an economically important and invasive fruit fly pest. Fruit piercing moth information and control options. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. The few pests attracted to guava trees seldom cause severe damage … Recharge the traps if required. In India, it was introduced in 17th century and is now a household fruit especially in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Orange fruit borer causes damage to feijoa. Guava (Psidium guajava) is a common fruit of Indian sub-content. Common occurrence of another fruit borer, Dichocrocis punctiferalis (Guenee) in rainy season guava was also noticed. Fruit flies have been a major limiting factor in production of rainy season guava. They are one of 150 species of Psidium, of which most are fruit bearing.Hardy the guava may be, but they do have their share of guava pest problems, most of which can be dealt with using natural pest control methods for guava trees. It is a very helpful fruit to intercrop with banana, Mango, Papaya, Ginger and other fruits, Vegetables. With the establishment of guava orchards in a large area, there has been gradual establishment of pests in the orchards which in turn pose a serious threat to the crop. Pest Control for Guava Fruit. Guava wilt: Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Guava can be grown in any weather conditions. Sacc. As part of the quest to develop new chemical attractants for potential control of this species, we had previously detected a large amount of β-caryophyllene (CAR) in the pheromone glands of wild B. correcta males. Major Insects Pests that attack Guava Trees in India and their Control! Biswas GC, Ahmad M, Karim HA, Mian MY (1995) Incidence of fruit borer Virachola isocrates F. on guava at Khagrachari Hill District. Females lay eggs below epidermis of young fruits. parasitica, P. citricola Sawada and Rhizopus stolanifer (Ehrenb.) Guava fruit (Psidium guajava) is a mainstay commodity in Bogor and Bogor district is a supplier of guava into surrounding towns. Remove infested fruits and spray plants with [email protected] in 100Ltr of water/ 1 acre before the fruit ripening season comes and provide in weekly intervals. Scientific name: Eudocima sp.. The coccinellid and syrphid predators, chiefly Cheilomenes sexmaculata F., Scymnus latemaculatus Motsch and Ishiodon scutellaris F. were found quite effective in suppressing the guava aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. Gliocladium roseum TY - JOUR TI - A new Fruit Borer Pest Rapala Varuna Horsfield (Lepidoptera : Lycaenidae) on Guava in South India T2 - The journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Guava borer worm (Lepidoptera: Cossidae), a limiting pest in guava: biology, lifecycle and management alternatives Víctor Camilo Pulido Blancoa,∗, Orlando Ildefonso Insuasty Burbanob, Zaida Xiomara Sarmiento-Naizaque b, Julio Ramírez Duran aFacultad de Ciencias, Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia, Corporacion Colombiana de Investigacion Agropecuaria (Agrosavia), Centro … This usually occurs when the insect pests such as fruit flies produce eggs on the guava tree stems, leaves, and roots. Mealy bug: Suck juice from different parts of the plant and weaken them. Spray Carbaryl @ 3g/lit of water. Cartap hydrochloride was found most effective in managing guava fruit borer. The damage shows up around the bottom of the trunk in fall, but … psidii and F. solani (Mart.) 2. Control. Pest and their control: Fruit Fly: It is serious pest of guava. Borers tunnel into the woody parts of trees, including the trunk, twigs, branches and even the roots. How to Treat Fruit Tree Borers. India is the largest producing country in the world with 41 % of its production. Guava fruit production isn’t affected by many pests. In 2000, economic loss caused by the damage of G. aurantianum to citrus fruit in the state of São Paulo, Brazil was estimated at 50 million USD. Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. It is a native of tropical America. Collect and destroy infested fruits. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. Read here to know some of these. Use methyl eugenol lure trap (25/ha) to monitor and kill adults of fruit flies or prepare methyl eugenol and malathion 50 EC mixture at 1:1 ratio and take 10 ml mixture/trap. This winter, enjoy this fruit and enjoy the many benefits. When ripe, guavas release a sharp, musky odour that draws fruit flies. Keep the guava moth out of your fruit trees. Vuill. 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