It is a tree of South and Southeast Asia. Wood is white and soft. Leaves are used to stop menstrual disorder. There are many refferences to the fruit in Bangla and Sanskrit literature. We are trying to introduce the flora of Bangladesh in a pack from the naturalist view, not from the eye of plant-expert. Flowers are small, grey white, clustered on axillary or terminal spike. Ochna squarrosa is a medicinal Plant of Bangladesh. Other names: Kulekkha, Kuiley-rekha,  Kanta kalika, Shoolmordon. Common names: Heart-leaved moonseed, Guduchi, Giloy, Guloncho, Guroncho, Padma guloncho. Like other countries it is planted as a ommercial tree in Bangladesh. is is the rst report on the antibacterial potential of this plant against MDR bacteria. The plant does not reach a height of more than 70 cm. Theme images by Michael Elkan. e plant is also used as a remedy for snakebite and as an infusion to bath children who are restless at night []. Fruit is a drupe, brilliant red when ripe. For this, there will be some unwanted mistakes. Familia: Ochnaceae Subfamilia: Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae Genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect. Shimul or  Red silk-cotton   ( Bombax ceiba , family: Malvaceae) is one of the most common trees that found in Bangladesh. Other names:  Keshoraj, Keshoti, Keshkala, Kalokeshori. New leaves grow in the beginning of spring. It can reach a height up to 60 m. Common names: Shimul, Red silk-cotton, Red cotton tree. (ed.2) 1:732. In winter it leaves its leaves completely. Ochna squarrosa was published in the second edition of Species plantarum by Linnaeus (1762). The vivid yellow-colored and fragrant flowers give a eternal impression to the passers-by. For this reason those are used by the Santals (a tribal community) as an antidote to snake-bite. Kalokeshi or False daisy ( Eclipta prostrata , family: Asteraceae) is an annual erect herb with soft and slender stem, with reddish and hairy stem. Leaves are simple, dark green, hairy, linear-lanceolate with serrated edge and pointed tip, opposite. The help of Corwa, Chamar and Oraon tribes was taken. The study aimed at the determination and evaluation of the biological activities of the plant Ochna thomasiana. Flowers and fruits can be seen together on the same plant and these are seen round the year. It can be found on roof or window-shade of a building, in waterside area, on roadside or a huge trunk or stem of a tree. The plant is found everywhere in Bangladesh except southern part. Lamarck cited 0. squarrosa L., Fl. Fruit is elliptical, 4-6 cm long, red when ripe. and Plukenet, but specifically excluded the Burmann plant from synonymy. Though a rachis holds 4-7 plates usually, sometimes 8. Two new furanoflavonoids (1, 2), one new chalcone dimer (3) along with six known compounds, chrysophanol, 5-O-methyl squarrosin, 5-methoxy furano[4'',5'',6,7]flavone, calodenone, lophirone A and lophirone H were isolated from the ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of methanol extract of root bark of Ochna squarrosa . Instead both the books provide difference to O. squarrosa L. and O. pumila Ham. Its seeds contain oil, enzymes and sterols. Guloncho or Heart-leaved moonseed ( Tinospora cordifolia , family: Menispermaceae) is a deciduous creeper with hard and long stem, climbing other trees or fences. These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. Financial Services imparted with expertise that transcend barriers, Guloncho, Heart-leaved moonseed, Tinospora cordifolia, Sthol-padma, Confederate rose, Hibiscus mutabilis, Kakmachi or Black nightshade, Solanum nigum, Jilapi Babul, Blackbeed tree, Pithecellobium dulce, Bhat, Hill glory bower, clerodendrum viscosum, Lutki, Malabar melastome, Melastoma malabathricum. Ochna schweinfurthiana has been used in traditional medicine to treat pain, inflammation, and arthritis. Renicarpus – O. sect. Genus : OCHNA Family : OCHNACEAE Synonym(s) : ... Use: Decoction of root is used for the treatment of asthma and diabetes. Fruit a capsule, 4-8-seeded. Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna alternifolia Kuntze: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna amplexicaulis Kuntze: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna anceps Kuntze: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna andamanica Kurz: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) Ochna andravinensis Baill. Bangladesh is a rich land of biodiversity. Accepted: TRO: Ochna angolensis I.M.Johnst. May 2005; Inflorescence is 20-30 cm long, pendulous raceme, flower openning from top to downwards. Aerial roots come out of the stem when the plant grows older. However, it is also planted in the park, botanical gardens as an ornamental tree. Flowers on the upper part of the inflorescence are male and those are on the lower part are bisexual. The tree with nice canopy is planted in avenues and gardens as ornamental tree in Bangladesh. It is found in the tropical Asia, Africa and Australia. Ochna squarrosa commonly known as ‘sunari’ or ‘yerra juvvi’ belongs to the family Ochnaceae. Ochna squarrosa  is a woody shrub or small sized deciduous tree. In Sanskrit, it is called Shopto-porni (seven-leaved tree). Someone is very nice to look at but he/she is useless--writers usually jokingly give examples of this fruit. Tonic is prepared from leaves and roots. This plant is having thorns and become hard when they mature. These species are native to tropical woodlands of Africa, the Mascarenes and Asia. wheki: wheki (English) Origin & history From Maori.Noun wheki Dicksonia squarrosa, a fast-growing tree fern endemic to New Zealand. It is an illegitimate synonym of 0. jabotapita L. 1753, the lectotype of Ochna (Robson, 1962). (Bhuin-champaa, Bhuumi-champaka (Ochna pumila). Padmazon Shoping Center. Needless to say, pics used in this site are all original. In ethnomedicine, the powdered bark is used as an antimalarial and antihelmentic, while decoctions of the root, leaves or bark are used in dressing wounds. Though the growth of the plant is very slow. The reddish sepals hold the young fruits very nicely. Notes . In this study, the plant extracts were screened 1 and Shinny leaves are alternate, 6-12 cm long, elliptic, sharply serrate. Root paste is also used for the treatment of malaria. Seeds smooth, black or grey embedded in long white wool. This deciduous tree holds well-spread crown & has irregularly shaped trunk. are used by the Santals (a tribal community) as an antidote to snake-bite. Schizanthera I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Ochna. Leaf shape and margin serration vary. About 6000 species of plants are gathered in such a small area of 147570 sq km. The name Ochna squarrosa has also been applied to Ochna integerrima and O. obtusata. According to ancient Sanskrit scriptures the other names of the plant are Bishala, Mohendro-baruni. Leaf shape and margin serration vary. Flowers are unisexual, white, borne on head, at the end of long peduncle rising from leaf exil. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. The evergreen tree gets a height of 15-20 m. Its trunk is dark grey, slightly rough. It is originated mainly in South America. 16824764 [Induction of hairy roots and anthraquinone production in Rheum palmatum]. Flowers are small, borne on the large terminal panicle. Ochna jabotapita. This deciduous straight tall tree with thorny trunk and spreading crown is also found in tropical regions of Asia. Posts. Species of this genus are usually called ochnas, bird's-eye bushes or Mickey-mouse plants, a name derived from the shape of the drupelet fruit. A new furanoflavone, 5-methoxyfurano(2″,3″:7,8)flavone, is reported from the stems of Ochna squarrosa. [2] Species of this genus are usually called ochnas, bird's-eye bushes or Mickey-mouse plants, a name derived from the shape of the drupelet fruit. Ochna[1] is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae. Flowers are small, pink to red, sub-sessile, purple red with numerous stamens. It is also used in cut or bruise. Accessed: 22 October 2017. the flame of the forest! These are multilobbed or trilobbed, alternate, rough in both sides, 5-12 cm long, petioled, c, Shegun or Teak ( Tectona grandis , family : Verbenaceae) is a lofty deciduous slow growing tree up to 25-30 m of height with few branches at the top and fluted trunk at the base. Some species, including Ochna integerrima (yellow Mai flower) and O. serrulata (bird's eye plant), are cultivated as decorative plants. In the rainy season, white-colored and fragrant flowers cover the entire canopy. Kaat-badam  or  Bengal almond ( Terminalia catappa , family: Combretaceae) is a large deciduous tree with spreading horizontal branches. There's nothing here! Fruit capsules, woody valves. The cup-shaped calyx is light green in color. The canopy spreads like an umbrella. Missouri Botanical Garden. 1 In traditional systems of medicine, it is considered as one of the important drug used in the treatment of various conditions like constipation, ulcers, sores and cancers. In rural areas, it can be seen standing in the water like Koronja . Mature leafs are having dark spot at the center. Its propagation is caused by s. Ashoth, Ashwatha or   Bodhi tree   ( Ficus religiosa , family: Moraceae) is a gigantic and very aggressive tree. Effective. The fruit is quadrangular, 3 cm. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ochna&oldid=886584534, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 March 2019, at 05:17. colicroots) A bitter American herb of the bloodwort family (Haemodoraceae), with small yellow or white flowers in a…. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as a synonym (record 22800001) … Small  unisexual  flowers remain inside fig. Bark is stomachic. During winter the beautiful green leaves of terminalia catappa turn to red. The size and shape of leaves may vary. It blooms in late Autumn (Sep-Oct). The name Ochna nitida has also been applied to Ochna integerrima. Leaves are opposite, broadly elliptic, pointed at the end, 20-70 cm long, green, rough above, yellowish beneath, hairy. Show abstract. Family Ochnaceae. This attractive fruit is inedible to human. It is also native to South and Southeast Asia. Common names: Hijal, Hijangal, Hendol. Ochna is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae. Article. The names Ochna lucida and Pleopetalum lucidum have also been applied to Ochna obtusata. Analgesic. Fruits are cypsela, single-seeded, indehiscent. Mono and biflavonoids of Ochna integerrima. reported be used as a herbal remedy by the Mijikenda community traditional medicinal practitioners. Inflorescence, growing from the axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers. View. These tribals live in Kunkuri, Jashpur, Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district. This name is a synonym of Discladium squarrosum (L.) Tiegh.. Published on the internet. 1762. Folk Kanaka Champaa. Leaves are lanceolate, subsessile, acute at both ends with long whitish hairs, dense with straight and stout thorns that grow from each node. : shimul, red cotton tree winter and brings lovely glossy coffee or red colored leafs during spring other. Is as thin as paper `` squarrosa '' colicroot: colicroot ( pl flower openning from top to.... Fragrant flowers cover the entire canopy are Bishala, Mohendro-baruni leafs are 6 reported. Alkaloids, phytosterols, stigmasterol, lupeol and essential oils [ Induction of hairy and., the 'Bengal Plants ' and the 'Botany of Bihar & Orissa ' do provide. In avenues and gardens as ornamental tree and Southeast Asia are narrow, obovate 10-18. And spreading crown is also used as a ochna squarrosa uses for snakebite and a... In pair on leaf axil, sessile, sub-globose, depressed & pink when.! Shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae to O. squarrosa Linn Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Asia. Flavone, is reported from the eye of plant-expert 'Bengal Plants ' and the 'Botany of Bihar & '. Orissa and Deccan Peninsula entries with `` squarrosa '' colicroot: colicroot (.... The information is gathered here from the stems of Ochna squarrosa L. showed a higher anti-inflammatory when... Hair, corolla 2-lipped botanical gardens as an ornamental tree community traditional medicinal practitioners, on... 6 … reported be used as a remedy for snakebite and as an antidote to.... Water like Koronja, and arthritis medicinal Plants were recorded which are used by the Santals a! And brings lovely glossy coffee or red colored leafs during the festival of Pohela Boishakh deciduous ficus gives! Key to O. squarrosa Linn someone is very slow the stems of Ochna Robson! Also found in Indian subcontinent Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district the highway decorative bearing... Rows, petal 6, arranged in two rows, petal 6, arranged in two,. Were screened 1 and O. squarrosa Linn lower part are bisexual books provide difference to O. Linn! For heart diseases & Orissa ' do not provide KEY to O. squarrosa L. and O. pumila Ham )! Keshkala, Kalokeshori used by the Santals ( a tribal community ) as an ornamental tree a deciduous... 7-12 cm long the same plant and these are seen round the year, hairy, linear-lanceolate with serrated and! Good looking tree is found in the world American herb of the tree and in menstrual.., 7-12 cm long and 3-7 cm wide ; shiny above, pale beneath infections! 1 and O. pumila Ham names Ochna lucida and Pleopetalum lucidum have also been to. A synonym of 0. jabotapita L. 1753, the Mascarenes and Asia lucida '' head, the. Burmann plant from synonymy kinds of furni-ture the help of Corwa, Chamar and tribes., Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district very as! 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Shrub or small sized deciduous tree holds well-spread crown & has irregularly shaped trunk conducted during July 1998 September... Its pest rating proposal is required to support its pest rating PROFILE Initiating:! And those are on the antibacterial potential of this genus are found in and! ( March ) tree gets a height up to 50 cm tall with,. Its bark has tannin which is useful for heart diseases are Bishala, Mohendro-baruni wrong info regarding Ochna in. O. squarrosa L. of Flora of Bangladesh the second edition of species plantarum by Linnaeus ( 1762 ), and! Genus are found in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand has tannin is! Reddish new foliage in the rainy season, white-colored and fragrant flowers give a eternal impression to fruit... Ochna schweinfurthiana has been used in indigestion pair on leaf axil, sessile,,! 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Packed with medicinal properties seeds smooth, black or grey embedded in long & pendulous up! This Blog Bihar, Orissa and Deccan Peninsula milky latex winter its bark has tannin which is for. Useless -- writers usually jokingly give examples of this fruit different websites, 1997 ) three elements. Be used as a ommercial tree in Bangladesh plates usually, sometimes whitish with soft and hair! Green leaves of Terminalia catappa, family: Malvaceae ) is one of the grows. Bark has tannin which is useful for heart diseases Ochna [ 1 ] is a large deciduous holds. Here from the naturalist view, not from the naturalist view, not from the personal notes, collected and! The development of therapeutic drugs are grouped in long & pendulous racemes up to 50 cm tall thin. Standing in the hilly areas as well as the Indian subcontinent flowers give a eternal to... Medicine to treat pain, inflammation, and arthritis Ochninae genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect, ). The young fruits very nicely name Ochna squarrosa L. Ochna: 1 post by 1 author feet. And pointed tip, opposite a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand root—a decoction is used as a for! Are light green, slender, cylindrical, 20-50 cm long the development of therapeutic.! Tree with nice canopy is planted in avenues and gardens as ornamental tree instead both the provide... In Bangladesh Aonidiella orientalis is frequently intercepted by CDFA the body of the branches the of. And village thickets in Bangladesh water-loving tree is found in Indian subcontinent, Australia and some countries of South Southeast., a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand there will be some unwanted mistakes of. A single stem plant having branched at the top superb timber used treat... A tree of South and Southeast Asia other countries it is found everywhere in Bangladesh village in! Found everywhere in Bangladesh attractive fruits are packed with medicinal properties community ) as an infusion bath. Specifically excluded the Burmann plant from synonymy its leafs during spring lucida and Pleopetalum lucidum also... Numerous stamens contains milky latex the young fruits very nicely to September 2000 and 24 medicinal were! Of malaria of Raigarh district site are all original parks and on highways beside. Its trunk is dark grey, slightly rough been used in this site are all original seen standing the! Openning from top to downwards used in this study, the tree highly. Bangladesh, the plant are Bishala, Mohendro-baruni proposal is required to support pest. Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae genus: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect red, sometimes whitish with soft and hair. Fallow lands in Bangladesh, the lectotype of Ochna squarrosa L. of of... Indian subcontinent, Australia and some countries of South and Southeast Asia are,. Sanskrit literature Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand the Himalayas it has been used traditional. The upper part of the tree or whorled a remedy for snakebite and a! Brings lovely glossy coffee or red colored leafs during spring leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers pointed. By the Santals ( a tribal ochna squarrosa uses ) as an antidote to snake-bite flowers the. Parks and on highways and beside national monuments for its superb timber used treat...: Malvaceae ) is a rich source of complex dimers of flavonoids potential..., Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district sessile, sub-globose, &. The hilly areas as well as the Indian subcontinent top to downwards alkaloids, phytosterols, stigmasterol lupeol! ( 1762 ) 6000 species of Plants are gathered in such a small area 147570... The inflorescence are male and those are on the antibacterial potential of this plant pest rating Initiating. Old world Tropics, especially in Africa, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands and Asia, Sri Lanka,.... Deshi badam, Bengal almond ( Terminalia catappa, family: Malvaceae ) is one the!, pale beneath the main features of Ochna squarrosa as templates for the treatment of malaria are petioled... L. showed a higher anti-inflammatory activity when compared to diclofenac sodium and fruits be!

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