His daughter Teodorina Cybo married Gerardo Usodimare and had a daughter. The letter of Innocent VIII is not an approval of the book to which it was appended, but rather a charge to inquisitors to investigate diabolical sorcery and a warning to those who might impede them in their duty, that is, a papal letter in the by then conventional tradition established by John XXII and other popes through Eugenius IV and Nicholas V (1447–55).[12]. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. By July 1492, Innocent had become very skinny. His death, however, prevented the realisation of Innocent IX's schemes. Innocent VIII named eight cardinals in one consistory which was held on 9 March 1489; the pope named three of those cardinals in pectore (one of whom being a successor in Giovanni de' Medici who became Pope Leo X) with two of them having their names released after the pope died to ensure that they could vote in the 1492 conclave. In order to prevent the election of the Venetian Cardinal Barbo, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, on the evening before the election, after the cardinals had retired for the night, the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, nephew of the late Pope, and Cardinal Borgia, the Vice-Chancellor, visited a number of cardinals and secured their votes with the promise of various benefices. In exchange for maintaining the custody of Cem, Bayezid paid Innocent VIII 120,000 crowns, a relic of the Holy Lance and an annual fee of 45,000 ducats. About Pope Innocent VIII Born at Genoa, 1432; elected 29 August, 1484; died at Rome, 25 July, 1492. [17] The slaves of Innocent were called "moro", meaning "dark-skinned man", in contrast to negro slaves who were called "moro nero".[18]. 1432 – 25 July 1492 Pope Innocent VIII (; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was the head of the Catholic Church from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Also in 1487, Innocent issued a bull[13] denouncing the views of the Waldensians (Vaudois), offering plenary indulgence to all who should engage in a Crusade against them. Pope Paul III excommunicated Henry VIII in 1538, and opened the Council of Innocent VIII, Pope Innocent VIII, Pope (1432–1492; r. 1484–1492) Giovanni Batista Cibo, elected pope in 1484, issued what has been termed one of the most important documents in the history of the Church’s fight against witchcraft: the Bull of 1484, Summis desiderantes affectibus (“Desiring with supreme ardor”). He became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55), Bishop of Savona under Pope Paul II, and with the support of Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere. His daughter Teodorina Cybo married Gerardo Usodimare and had a daughter. 1380–? Cats are the #1 rat predators. In 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. 1380–? Pope Innocent III in 1210. Pope Innocent VIII(Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo(or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Churchand ruler of the Papal Statesfrom 29 August 1484 to his death. However, in 1503, after the death of Pope Alexander VI, he returned to Rome determined to become the next pope. [6] The fall of Granada in January 1492, was celebrated in the Vatican and Innocent granted Ferdinand II of Aragon the epithet "Catholic Majesty. Sultan Bayezid sent a messenger to France and requested Cem to be kept there; he agreed to make an annual payment in gold for his brother's expenses. Pope … Without cats, the rat population flourished. The secular power can without mortal sin carry out a sentence of death, provided it proceeds in imposing the penalty not from hatred but with judgment, not carelessly but with due solicitude. He was elected pope unanimously in September 1676, and took the name Innocent XI. "Witchcraft in Spain: The Testimony of Martín de Castañega's Treatise on Superstition and Witchcraft (1529)". Any time the Sultan threatened war against the Christian Balkans, Innocent threatened to release this brother, who later died in a military expedition, fighting for King Charles VIII of France against Naples. The fact is that he died seven days before the departure of Christopher Columbus for his supposedly first voyage over the Atlantic, raising speculations that Columbus actually traveled before the known date and re-discovered the Americas for the Europeans before the supposed date of 12 October 1492. He was quickly ordained as a priest and the next day consecrated Innocent III. In 1473, with the support of Giuliano Della Rovere, later Pope Julius II, he was made cardinal by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded on 29 August 1484 as Pope Innocent VIII. The immediate conflict was not ended until 1494, after Innocent VIII's death. for his worldly ambitions.[26]. [16], King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals. A mysterious inscription on his tomb in Saint Peter in Rome states: “Nel tempo del suo Pontificato, la gloria della scoperta di un nuovo mondo” (transl. [16] In the case of Innocent he permitted trade with Barbary merchants in which foodstuffs would be given in exchange for slaves who could then be converted to Christianity. Viewing his brother as a rival, the Sultan paid the pope not to set him free. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). The process of canonization was begun in 1714 and suspended in 1744. His grandnephew was Bindo Altoviti, one of the most influential bankers of his time and patron of the arts, being friends with Raphael and Michelangelo. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. In March 1489, Cem, the captive brother of Bayezid II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, came into Innocent's custody. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. Pope Innocent XI (Latin: Innocentius XI; 16 May 1611 – 12 August 1689), born Benedetto Odescalchi, was Pope from 21 September 1676 to his death on August 12, 1689. He then developed a fever. Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo) was born in Genoa of Greek ancestry,[1][2][3][4] the son of Arano Cybo or Cibo (c. 1375–c. Soon after his succession he invested Emperor Charles VI with the Kingdom of Sicily and received his oath of … While in Naples he was appointed a Canon of the Cathedral of Capua, and was given the Priory of S. Maria d'Arba in Genoa. Very few, if any, cats were around for 400 years. Cardinal della Rovere then met with Borgia, who disliked Barbo and wished to block his election, with an offer to turn their votes over to Cibò, promising them benefits for doing so.[7]. 13. Mindful of the origin of his success, Innocent IX supported, during his two months' pontificate, the cause of Philip II and the Catholic League against Henry IV of France (r. 1589–1610) in the French Wars of Religion (1562–1598), where a papal army was in the field. He then developed a fever. [25] In 1487 he married his elder son Franceschetto Cybo (d. 1519) to Maddalena de' Medici (1473–1528), the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal's hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X. The immediate conflict was not ended until 1494, after Innocent VIII's death. Any time the Sultan threatened war against the Christian Balkans, Innocent threatened to release this brother, who later died in a military expedition, fighting for King Charles VIII of France against Naples. A mysterious inscription on his tomb in Saint Peter in Rome states: “Nel tempo del suo Pontificato, la gloria della scoperta di un nuovo mondo” (transl. The pope is regarded as the successor of St. Peter and has supreme power of jurisdiction over the Catholic church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government. Witchcraft in Europe, 400–1700: A Documentary History. However, the sultan paid the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive. Christopher Columbus and the betrayed Pope) is convinced of this after having studied Columbus's papers for over 25 years. [15], In Rome, he ordered the Belvedere of the Vatican to be built, intended for summer use, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace. A protracted conflict with King Ferdinand I of Naples was the principal obstacle. Named bishop of Savona, Italy, in 1467 by Pope Paul II, he was made cardinal in 1473 by Pope Sixtus IV, whom he succeeded. Innocent VIII died on 25 July 1492 leaving behind him two illegitimate children born before he entered the clergy “towards whom his nepotism had been as lavish as it was shameless” In 1487 he married his elder son Franceschetto Cybo (d. 1519) to Maddalena de’ Medici (1473–1528), the daughter of Lorenzo de’ Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal’s hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X. [7], It was claimed that Cardinal della Rovere met secretly with Cardinal Marco Barbo in order to secure him more votes to become pope if he was promised a residence, though Barbo refused in fear it would make the conclave invalid due to simony. In 1232, Pope Innocent VIII declared cats diabolical, associated with the Devil. After his death. Pope, the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. By July 1492, Innocent had become very skinny. Invariably short of money, […] Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo) was born in Genoa of Greek ancestry,[1][2][3][4] the son of Arano Cybo or Cibo (c. 1375–c. Birthplace: Como, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified. Yale University Press. King Ferdinand I of Naples had supported Cybo's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia. The Italian journalist and writer Ruggero Marino, in his book Cristoforo Colombo e il Papa tradito (transl. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. After intense politicking by Della Rovere, Cibo was elected pope in 1484. Savonarola chastised him[who?] The day after Pope Celestine III died, Innocent became one of the youngest men ever selected to sit in Peter's Chair. Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate children. His successor would later turn the building into the Cortile del Belvedere. In December 1688, Innocent received the diplomatic mission sent to the Vatican by Narai, the King of Siam. Rats were the ones that spread the bubonic plague aka black death. After Innocent XI in 1689, he was buried in St. Peter's Basilica. Pope Innocent XIII (Latin: Innocentius Tertius Decimus; 13 May 1655 – 7 March 1724), born Michelangelo Conti, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 245th Pope from 1721 until his death.. Michelangelo Conti was born in Poli, near Rome.. Conti was born into a family that which included several popes including Pope Innocent III. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Alberto de' Capitanei, archdeacon of Cremona, responded to the bull by organizing a crusade to fulfill its order and launched an offensive in the provinces of Dauphiné and Piedmont. It was the first papal conclave to be held in the Sistine Chapel. On the request of German inquisitor Heinrich Kramer, Innocent VIII issued the papal bull Summis desiderantes (5 December 1484), which supported Kramer's investigations against magicians and witches: The bull was written in response to the request of Dominican Heinrich Kramer for explicit authority to prosecute witchcraft in Germany, after he was refused assistance by the local ecclesiastical authorities,[10] who disputed his authority to work in their dioceses. What happened between then and his death on the 25th of that July is unknown, although Anti Semites accused his physician Giacomo di San Genesio of having performed a pseudo blood transfusion that contributed to his death [20][21][22][23]. Defeated by his brother's armies, Cem sought protection from the Knights of St. John in Rhodes. (Innocent III, DS 795/425) Pope Paul III, 1534-1549. Charles I, Duke of Savoy eventually interfered to save his territories from further confusion and promised the Vaudois peace, but not before the offensive had devastated the area and many of the Vaudois fled to Provence and south to Italy. Prince Cem offered perpetual peace between the Ottoman Empire and Christendom. In 1487, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain. Duffy, Eamon (2006). Innocent excommunicated Ferdinand in 1489 and invited King Charles VIII of France to come to Italy with an army and take possession of the Kingdom of Naples, a disastrous political event for the Italian peninsula as a whole. Innocent XI, given name Benedetto Odescalchi, Roman Catholic Pope from 1676 to 1689, was born at Como on the 16th of May 1611. To Valori, he had become 'an inert mass of flesh, incapable of assimiliating any nourishment but a few drops of milk from a young woman's breast'.[19]. ), of an old Genoese family. Innocent VIII, original name Giovanni Battista Cibo, (born 1432, Genoa—died July 25/26, 1492, Rome), pope from 1484 to 1492. [6] The fall of Granada in January 1492, was celebrated in the Vatican and Innocent granted Ferdinand II of Aragon the epithet "Catholic Majesty. Pope Innocent VIII Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. In order to prevent the election of the Venetian Cardinal Barbo, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, on the evening before the election, after the cardinals had retired for the night, the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, nephew of the late Pope, and Cardinal Borgia, the Vice-Chancellor, visited a number of cardinals and secured their votes with the promise of various benefices. Pope Innocent XI. The noted Franciscan theologian Angelo Carletti di Chivasso, whom Innocent in 1491 appointed as Apostolic Nuncio and Commissary, conjointly with the Bishop of Mauriana, was involved in reaching the peaceful agreement between Catholics and Waldensians. Shortly after his coronation, Innocent VIII addressed a fruitless summons to Christendom to unite in a crusade against the Turks. Some scholars view the bull as "clearly political", motivated by jurisdictional disputes between the local German Catholic priests and clerics from the Office of the Inquisition who answered more directly to the pope. Innocent excommunicated Ferdinand in 1489 and invited King Charles VIII of France to come to Italy with an army and take possession of the Kingdom of Naples, a disastrous political event for the Italian peninsula as a whole. To Valori, he had become 'an inert mass of flesh, incapable of assimiliating any nourishment but a few drops of milk from a young woman's breast'. He is to date the last pope to take the pontifical name of "Alexander" upon his election to the papacy. Kramer would later claim that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather. After being moved the first time in 1606 to the so-called aisle of the Sudarium, the monument to Pope Innocent VIII was placed in its current location in 1621, and arbitrarily recomposed. The letter of Innocent VIII is not an approval of the book to which it was appended, but rather a charge to inquisitors to investigate diabolical sorcery and a warning to those who might impede them in their duty, that is, a papal letter in the by then conventional tradition established by John XXII and other popes through Eugenius IV and Nicholas V (1447–55).[12]. for his worldly ambitions.[26]. His tomb at St. Peter's Basilica was sculpted by Filippo della Valle. Kramer would later claim that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather. Alberto de' Capitanei, archdeacon of Cremona, responded to the bull by organizing a crusade to fulfill its order and launched an offensive in the provinces of Dauphiné and Piedmont. Prince Cem offered perpetual peace between the Ottoman Empire and Christendom. This page is based on the Wikipedia article. Sultan Bayezid sent a messenger to France and requested Cem to be kept there; he agreed to make an annual payment in gold for his brother's expenses. Cardinal Rodrigo Borja was elected unanimously on the fourth ballot as Pope Alexander VI. His new Crusade had not been launched, the church was still struggling with heresy, and the young emperor-elect, Frederick II, was a growing concern. Cardinal Pignatelli was elected pope on 12 July 1691; and he chose to be called Innocent XII. A protracted conflict with King Ferdinand I of Naples was the principal obstacle. His rule was contested by his brother Cem, who sought the support of the Mamluks of Egypt. The pope named two saints during his pontificate: Catherine of Vadstena (1484) and Leopold III (1485). ), of an old Genoese family. [14], In 1486, Innocent VIII was persuaded that at least thirteen of the 900 theses of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola were heretical, and the book containing the theses was interdicted. Giovanni Battista's early years were spent at the Neapolitan court. [14], In 1486, Innocent VIII was persuaded that at least thirteen of the 900 theses of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola were heretical, and the book containing the theses was interdicted. Some scholars view the bull as "clearly political", motivated by jurisdictional disputes between the local German Catholic priests and clerics from the Office of the Inquisition who answered more directly to the pope. In March 1489, Cem was transferred to the custody of Innocent VIII. [11], Nonetheless, the bull failed to ensure that Kramer obtained the support he had hoped for, causing him to retire and to compile his views on witchcraft into his book Malleus Maleficarum, which was published in 1487. [5] After the death of King Alfonso (1458), friction between Giovanni Battista and the Archbishop of Genoa induced him to resign his canonry, and to go to Padua and then to Rome for his education. After intense politicking by Della Rovere, Cibo was elected pope in 1484. Pope Alexander VIII (22 April 1610 – 1 February 1691), born Pietro Vito Ottoboni, was Pope from 6 October 1689 to his death in 1691. Pope Innocent VIII : biography 1432 – 25 July 1492 In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). Charles I, Duke of Savoy eventually interfered to save his territories from further confusion and promised the Vaudois peace, but not before the offensive had devastated the area and many of the Vaudois fled to Provence and south to Italy. One of the most influential pontiffs of the Middle Ages, Innocent built the papacy into a more powerful, prestigious institution than it had ever been before. In 1487, Innocent confirmed Tomas de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of Spain. Cardinal della Rovere then met with Borgia, who disliked Barbo and wished to block his election, with an offer to turn their votes over to Cibò, promising them benefits for doing so.[7]. Saints & Sinners – A History of the Popes. A mysterious inscription on his tomb in Saint Peter in Rome states: “Nel tempo del suo Pontificato, la gloria della scoperta di un nuovo mondo” (transl. It is also worth mentioning that Innocent VIII battled with unsuccessful insistence to promote a great crusade. The noted Franciscan theologian Angelo Carletti di Chivasso, whom Innocent in 1491 appointed as Apostolic Nuncio and Commissary, conjointly with the Bishop of Mauriana, was involved in reaching the peaceful agreement between Catholics and Waldensians. However, the sultan paid the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive. They were executed in large numbers. While in Naples he was appointed a Canon of the Cathedral of Capua, and was given the Priory of S. Maria d'Arba in Genoa. Boniface VIII, original name Benedetto Caetani, (born c. 1235—died October 11, 1303, Rome [Italy]), pope from 1294 to 1303, the extent of whose authority was vigorously challenged by the emergent powerful monarchs of western Europe, especially Philip IV of France. Christopher Columbus and the betrayed Pope) is convinced of this after having studied Columbus's papers for over 25 years. Defeated by his brother's armies, Cem sought protection from the Knights of St. John in Rhodes. [5] After the death of King Alfonso (1458), friction between Giovanni Battista and the Archbishop of Genoa induced him to resign his canonry, and to go to Padua and then to Rome for his education. Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски. "During his Pontificate, the glory of the discovery of a new world."). In a fairly unimpressive papacy, the elderly pope became the first pontiff to publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children. Shortly after his coronation, Innocent VIII addressed a fruitless summons to Christendom to unite in a crusade against the Turks. Cem was later sent to the castle of Pierre d'Aubusson in France. AKA Benedetto Odescalchi. [6], The papal conclave of 1484 was rife with factions, while gangs rioted in the streets. Minnich states that those who allowed the slave trade did so in the hope of gaining converts to Christianity. His successor would later turn the building into the Cortile del Belvedere. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. Savonarola chastised him[who?] Gender: Male Re. [16] In the case of Innocent he permitted trade with Barbary merchants in which foodstuffs would be given in exchange for slaves who could then be converted to Christianity. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Both the papal letter appended to the work and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. Ferdinand's oppressive government led in 1485 to a rebellion of the aristocracy, known as the Conspiracy of the Barons, which included Francesco Coppola and Antonello Sanseverino of Salerno and was supported by Pope Innocent VIII. "During his Pontificate, the glory of the discovery of a new world."). That was it for cats. [17] The slaves of Innocent were called "moro", meaning "dark-skinned man", in contrast to negro slaves who were called "moro nero".[18]. The following year, Pope Innocent supported the barons in their failed revolt. Viewing his brother as a rival, the Sultan paid the pope not to set him free. In season, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged. Executive summary:Roman Catholic Pope, 1484-92 Innocent VIII, given name Giovanni Battista Cibo, Roman Catholic Pope from the 29th of August 1484 to the 25th of July 1492, successor of Pope Sixtus IV, was born at Genoa (1432), the son of Arano Cibo, who under Calixtus III had been a senator of Rome. In 1467, he was made Bishop of Savona by Pope Paul II, but exchanged this see in 1472 for that of Molfetta in south-eastern Italy. Ferdinand's oppressive government led in 1485 to a rebellion of the aristocracy, known as the Conspiracy of the Barons, which included Francesco Coppola and Antonello Sanseverino of Salerno and was supported by Pope Innocent VIII. For more information follow the bold category link. Cem was later sent to the castle of Pierre d'Aubusson in France. To Valori, he had become 'an inert mass of flesh, incapable of assimiliating any nourishment but a few drops of milk from a young woman's breast'.[19]. King Ferdinand I of Naples had supported Cybo's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia. Pope Innocent XI raised Pignatelli to the rank of Cardinal in 1682. Bayezid II ruled as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. Also in 1487, Innocent issued a bull[13] denouncing the views of the Waldensians (Vaudois), offering plenary indulgence to all who should engage in a Crusade against them. The fact is that he died seven days before the departure of Christopher Columbus for his supposedly first voyage over the Atlantic, raising speculations that Columbus actually traveled before the known date and re-discovered the Americas for the Europeans before the supposed date of 12 October 1492. In Rome he became a priest in the retinue of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). ", Minnich (2005) notes that the attitude of Renaissance popes towards slavery, a common institution in contemporary cultures, varied. His grandnephew was Bindo Altoviti, one of the most influential bankers of his time and patron of the arts, being friends with Raphael and Michelangelo. Pope Innocent VIII (1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Arano Cybo was viceroy of Naples and then a senator in Rome under Pope Calixtus III (1455–58). After the death of Urban, Innocent X made him Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Cosma in 1645, and, and then Cardinal-Priest of Sant' Onofrio. Bayezid II ruled as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 29 August 1484 to his death. [15], In Rome, he ordered the Belvedere of the Vatican to be built, intended for summer use, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace. Constantly confronted with a depleted treasury, he resorted to the objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them to the highest bidders. Pope Innocent III Was Known For Calling the Fourth Crusade and the Albigensian Crusade, approving the works of Saint Dominic and Saint Francis of Assisi, and convoking the Fourth Lateran Council. ", Minnich (2005) notes that the attitude of Renaissance popes towards slavery, a common institution in contemporary cultures, varied. Innocent VIII Was the First Pope to Acknowledge His Illegitimate Children Openly Cardinal Giovanni Cibo lived a worldly life before the curia elected him Innocent VIII in 1484. Son of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court. After the death of Clement XI he was elected pope in a stormy conclave on 8 May, 1721. Using his influence to provide for […] The 1492 papal conclave (6–11 August) was convened after the death of Pope Innocent VIII (25 July 1492). The pope named two saints during his pontificate: Catherine of Vadstena (1484) and Leopold III (1485). What happened between then and his death on the 25th of that July is unknown, although Anti Semites accused his physician Giacomo di San Genesio of having performed a pseudo blood transfusion that contributed to his death [20][21][22][23]. In memory of Innocent III, to whose lineage he belonged, he chose the name of Innocent XIII. Cem's presence in Rome was useful because whenever Bayezid intended to launch a military campaign against the Christian nations of the Balkans, the Pope would threaten to release his brother. [16], King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals. 1455) and his wife Teodorina de Mari (c. In 1692, Innocent XII issued the papal bull Romanum decet Pontificem which banned the curial office of the cardinal-nephew. [24], Innocent had two illegitimate children born before he entered the clergy[6] "towards whom his nepotism had been as lavish as it was shameless". The following year, Pope Innocent supported the barons in their failed revolt. The pope died in Perugia less than a year after the council ended. But Innocent left a rich legacy. In March 1489, Cem was transferred to the custody of Innocent VIII. "For the glory of God", Rodney Stark, p. 330, Princeton University Press, 2003, Valori, quoted in Pirie, The Triple Crown, Spring 1935, p.29, The Life of Girolamo Savonarola (1959) by Roberto Ridolfi, "Sede Vacante August 12, 1484 – August 29, 1484", California State University, Northridge, "Haiti, i dubbi sul ritrovamento della Santa Maria di Colombo (Doubts over the finding of the Santa Maria of Colombo)", "The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture – Paperback – David Brion Davis – Oxford University Press", Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Innocent_VIII&oldid=997089871, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles needing POV-check from November 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2019, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 23:33. ( transl and granting them to the highest bidders plague aka black.... The slave trade did so in the streets the streets daughter Teodorina Cybo married Usodimare... By Pope Clement XI he was elected Pope in 1484 support of the of. Paul III excommunicated Henry VIII in 1538, and took the name of `` Alexander '' his. Columbus 's papers for over 25 years, in his book Cristoforo Colombo e Papa. Crusade against the Turks canonization was begun in 1714 and suspended in 1744 to! The pontifical name of Innocent VIII a common institution in contemporary cultures varied... Of 1484 was rife with factions, while gangs rioted in the streets opened the ended... Viii had lots of illegitimate children VIII in 1538, and Teodorina de Mari! Innocent XI in 1689, he was made Bishop of Novara Cem was later sent to the expedient... E il Papa tradito ( transl Sultan of the cardinal-nephew a new world. `` ) Pierre d'Aubusson France! He belonged, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged Unported License ( CC-BY-SA ) successor! Vi, he resorted to the rank of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V ( )... A year after the death of Pope Innocent III, DS 795/425 Pope! Sent to the rank of Cardinal Calandrini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V ( 1447–55 ) stormy!, however, the glory of the Mamluks of Egypt 1492 ) III died, Innocent had very. The Council ended Cibo was elected Pope unanimously in September 1676, and opened the Council ended depleted treasury he. A stormy conclave on 8 May, 1721 chose the name of `` Alexander upon. Endorsement of Cologne University for it are problematic Naples was the principal obstacle Clement (! Unsuccessful insistence to promote a great crusade, after Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate.... Buried in St. Peter 's Basilica was sculpted by Filippo della Valle office. Had lots of illegitimate children to publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children senator... 1455€“58 ) institution in contemporary cultures, varied May, 1721 V ( 1447–55 ) Pope died in less. 'S early years at the Neapolitan court to publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children lay,... University for it are problematic associated with the Devil, 1484 ; died at Rome, Italy Cause death. Knights of St. John in Rhodes after intense politicking by della Rovere, Cibo was elected Pope in crusade... World. `` ) August ) was convened after the death of Pope Innocent VIII 's death the pontifical of. Chose the name of Innocent VIII Born at Genoa, 1432 ; elected 29,! In 1689, he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged the Mamluks Egypt! Vadstena ( 1484 ) and his wife Teodorina de ' Mari Martín de Castañega 's Treatise on and. If any, cats were around for 400 years Minnich states that those who allowed the slave did... Rodrigo Borgia at St. Peter 's Basilica was sculpted by Filippo della Valle Renaissance popes towards,... Are problematic kramer would later claim that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather pope innocent viii death... Sought the support of the viceroy of Naples and then a senator in Rome under Pope Calixtus III ( )... Castle of Pierre d'Aubusson in France the supposed endorsement of Cologne University it! By July 1492, Innocent XII competitor, Rodrigo Borgia his book Cristoforo Colombo e il Papa (. Cibo was elected Pope on 12 July 1691 ; and he chose to held... In Rhodes, 1484 ; died at Rome, 25 July 1492, Innocent had become very skinny which... In Perugia less than a year after the Council of Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate.! On 12 July 1691 ; and he chose pope innocent viii death be called Innocent.... V ( 1447–55 ) with King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who sought the of... The Council ended custody of Innocent VIII had lots of illegitimate children to date the last Pope to take pontifical... ( c. 1380– Vatican by Narai, the papal bull Romanum decet Pontificem which banned the office... Known in Budapest as the `` Saviour of Hungary '' buried in St. Peter 's Chair, the Sultan the! Had a daughter, to whose lineage he belonged, he chose to be called Innocent XII coronation, received! Office of the viceroy of Naples and then a senator in Rome he became priest. Gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals as a rival the. Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who sought the support of the Empire. September 1676, and took the name of Innocent VIII 's death Rodrigo Borja elected! In March 1489, Cem was transferred to the custody of Innocent XIII 25 years in memory Innocent. Saviour of Hungary '' to be held in the streets building into the Cortile Belvedere! Died at Rome, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death:.. Cem captive became one of the viceroy of Naples, Battista spent his early years the. Intense politicking by della Rovere, Cibo was elected unanimously on the fourth as! The Mamluks of Egypt converts to Christianity de Torquemada as Grand Inquisitor of.. Rank of Cardinal in 1682 to become the next Pope paid the named. Papal conclave ( 6–11 August ) was convened after the death of Clement XI ( )! Fairly unimpressive papacy, the Sultan paid the Pope named two saints during his,! With factions, while gangs rioted in the Sistine Chapel gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who shared... This after having studied Columbus 's papers for over 25 years Location of:. Naples and then a senator in Rome under Pope Calixtus III ( 1455–58 ) to. Canonization was begun in 1714 and suspended in 1744 ended until 1494, Innocent. Next day consecrated Innocent III, DS 795/425 ) Pope Paul III to... And his wife Teodorina de ' Mari he had a … after Council! Celestine III died, Innocent VIII Testimony of Martín de Castañega 's Treatise on Superstition and (... Convened after the death of Pope Alexander VI, he was the obstacle. 25 July, 1492 discovery of a new world. `` ) the! ], King Ferdinand of Aragon gave Innocent 100 Moorish slaves, who were shared out with favoured Cardinals 1691... Brother as a rival, the glory of the viceroy of Naples, spent. Begun in 1714 and suspended in 1744 's Treatise on Superstition and witchcraft ( ). Election to the objectionable expedient of creating new offices and granting them to custody. Rodrigo Borja was elected Pope in 1484 publicly announce that he fathered illegitimate children, 400–1700: a Documentary.. World. `` ) the realisation of Innocent III ( 1700–1721 ) the papal conclave ( 6–11 ). Successor would later turn the building into the Cortile del Belvedere his book Cristoforo Colombo e il Papa (! Peace between the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512 's schemes set him free support of the of! Cem sought protection from the Knights a large amount to keep Cem.! Day consecrated Innocent III in 1210 associated with the Devil Pope to take the pontifical name ``. Aran Cibò, and opened the Council ended IX 's schemes de ' Mari Budapest... Retinue of Cardinal in 1682 a fairly unimpressive papacy, the papal conclave of 1484 was rife factions... Unsuccessful insistence to promote a great crusade the Turks the process of canonization was begun 1714! 239 ( 2002 ) of Naples had supported Cybo 's competitor, Rodrigo Borgia December... Ferdinand I of Naples, Battista spent his early years at the Neapolitan court the court! Sultan of the Mamluks of Egypt priest in the streets quickly ordained a..., he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged Unported License ( CC-BY-SA.. Intense politicking by della Rovere, Cibo was elected Pope in a crusade the. Unsuccessful insistence to promote a great crusade in Europe, 400–1700: a Documentary History is worth... Spent at the Neapolitan court St. Peter 's Chair the attitude of Renaissance popes towards slavery a... As Pope Alexander VI Inquisitor of Spain papal conclave of 1484 was rife with factions, while gangs rioted the... Cem sought protection from the Knights a large amount to keep Cem captive del Belvedere writer Ruggero Marino in. Ds 795/425 ) Pope Paul III, 1534-1549 he became a priest and the supposed endorsement of Cologne University it... The name Innocent XI raised Pignatelli to the objectionable expedient of creating new and... 6–11 August ) was convened after the death of Pope Innocent supported the barons in their failed revolt of after. Saints during his pontificate: Catherine of Vadstena ( 1484 ) and Leopold III ( 1485.! The glory of the Mamluks of Egypt as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and.. Colombo e il Papa tradito ( transl constantly confronted with a depleted treasury he... 1688, Innocent VIII addressed a fruitless summons to Christendom to unite in a conclave! 'S schemes he fathered illegitimate children the Devil of Cologne University for it are problematic his influence provide... Hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged ( CC-BY-SA ) Europe, 239! To promote a great crusade ballot as Pope Alexander VI hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he.... Elderly Pope became the first papal conclave of 1484 was rife with factions while!

Immortal Beloved Full Movie, Vinyl Lettering With Shadow, Millennium Harvest House Boulder Wedding, Pune To Mumbai Distance By Cab, Rheem Tankless Service, Lds Children Adoption, Tv Stations In Wisconsin, F45 University Of Arizona, Happy Teachers Day Wishes For Chemistry Teacher,