The finding highlights the need for the inclusion of integrated, multi-strategy health promotion interventions on campus. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample. Online data were collected from a random sample of university undergraduate students (n = 2506) aged 18 - 24 years old. 2017a). The majority of respondents lived with parent/s or guardian/s (n = 1418; 60.3%), followed by sharing a flat or residence (n = 590; 25.1%); living with a partner and/or children (n = 128; 5.4%), or living in student housing (n = 114; 4.9%). (). Similarly, a study focusing on US and Canadian students (n = 71,860; n = 107 Institutions) found alcohol was one of the top ten factors affecting student’s mental health and academic performance [55] . Mashek, D., Stuewig, J., Furukawa, E., & Tangney, J. Social Connectedness Scale. Socially disconnected and lonely individuals tend to suffer higher rates of morbidity and mortality (Taylor, Repetti, & Seeman, 1997; Thoits, 1995) as well as infection (Cohen, Doyle, Skoner, Rabin, & Gwaltney, 1997; Pressman et al., 2005), depression (Heikkinen & Kauppinen, 2004), and cognitive decl… Lower social identity score refers to a higher level of social identity. Outcomes were measured using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, Social Connectedness Scale, Social Identity Scale and measures of paid employment and study (hours), and participation in sports and other clubs. two scales- The Online Interactions Scale and The Social Connectedness Scale. Table 2. The social connectedness scale includes eight items consisting of a six level rating system (1 = agree to 6 = disagree); measuring connectedness (4 items), companionship (3 items) and affiliation (1 item). The UCLA Loneliness Scale-Revised (Russell et al., 1980, Russell et al., 1978) is a widely used measure assessing subjective feelings of loneliness, low connectedness, and social isolation. The cross sectional nature of this study precludes the assumption of any causal effects. %PDF-1.5 %���� Methods. Coefficient alpha = .95. Of the students who completed the AUDIT questions (n = 1887), 38% (n = 717) reported that they consumed alcohol at hazardous levels (AUDIT score of ≥8). Data analysis was conducted using SPSS v20. Despite the undeniable benefits of participation in organized sport there is evidence of higher rates of risky drinking among sport club members compared to the general community [29] . Univariate relationships between the independent variables and the dependent variable of low risk and hazardous drinking were described. Students who reported no personal study per week were more likely to report hazardous drinking (54.8%) (Table 1). Items on the Social Connectedness Scale reflect feelings of emotional distance between the self and others, and higher scores reflect more social connectedness. The onset of mental health issues is typically seen around the age at which young adults are completing higher education [17] . Previous research has identified social isolation as a risk factor for physical and mental health problems (e.g., Berkman, 1995; Cacioppo & Hawkley, 2003; Cacioppo, Hughes, Waite, Hawkley, & Thisted, 2006; House, 2001). The final questionnaire was tested for content and face validity [48] with an expert panel of health promotion and alcohol prevention experts (n = 7) and a purposive sample of the target group (n = 60). The 10 item AUDIT, which provides a measure of alcohol consumption, alcohol dependence and alcohol related problems (Scores: 0 - 40) [39] was used to measure level of drinking. There was significant difference between students who participated in university sport (p < 0.001); and community sport (p < 0.001) and level of drinking. While school, family and internal connectedness has been found to decrease tobacco, alcohol and marijuana use, connectedness to friends was found to increase substance use [61] . This scale has 20 items with responses rated on a four-point scale ranging from “I have never felt this way” to “I have felt this way often.” Social connectedness was measured by Urdu version of SCS-R (Fatima, 2014). This study was approved by the Curtin University Human Research Ethics Committee (HR 54/2013). Multiple regression analyses were used to describe predictors of social connectedness. Responses included “several times a week”, “once or twice a week”, “about once or twice a week” and “never”. The majority of the sample did not participate in university sports (82.0% n = 1548), university clubs (76.4% n = 1441), community sports (65.7% n = 1239) or community clubs (68.2%, n = 1287). Mediators of low and hazardous drinking using univariate analysis (continuous variables). Further exploration of the associations between social connectedness and social identity as influences of health behaviors will better inform the development of targeted strategies for specific groups. Negative schizotypy was significantly related to social connectedness. Only 1.9% (n = 38) of students indicated they may be experiencing severe depression and/or anxiety. Within the group of students who reported spending 11-20+hours of personal study per week, students were more likely to participate in low risk drinking compared to hazardous drinking (67.3% vs 32.7%). Peers have been found to be a significant influence on alcohol consumption with homogeneity of behaviors being common [42] . The study sample was representative of the university population and reflective of enrolments in the Faculty areas. Scores range from 20 … Students who never participated in community sports were more likely to record low risk drinking compared to hazardous drinking (66.8% vs 33.2%). Consistent with previous research alcohol consumption was higher among students who participated in community sports (p < 0.001) and university sport (p < 0.05), with a higher proportion of students participating in sport reporting hazardous drinking [27] [56] [57] . This review studies technology-supported interventions to help older adults, living in situations of reduced mobility, overcome loneliness, and social isolation. ���ٲW 8�~�wo�X dHW4��. Univariate and bivariate analysis was conducted. The newly developed multidimensional scale to measure social connectedness (Self in a Social Context—Social Connectedness Scale; SSC–SC) comprised a provisional item pool of 76 items in family, peer, school and community domains. The authors acknowledge participants of this study who gave their time to complete the survey, the Curtin Office for Strategy and Planning and health promotion students for help in administering the survey. Nine independent raters assessed appropriateness of items, with two items deleted resulting in 74 items. Social Connectedness: Measurement, Determinants, and Effects 263 10–90percentile range of 42.5 to 67.4 percent; and over 70 percent of friends live within 200 … A further 706 students were randomly recruited via intercept. 379 0 obj <> endobj There has been extensive research conducted with university students, examining the prevalence of alcohol consumption, their drinking motives and expectations and negative and positive outcomes from alcohol consumption, however there is less known about how being “connected” to community and others may influence alcohol consumption and how this association impacts mental health. An additional 681 students completed the survey through intercept interviews. Social connectedness has been identified as a protective factor for a range of health issues however the literature is not conclusive. The literature regarding social connectedness as a protective factor for health behaviors is not conclusive. The majority of the student sample (n = 1905; 87%), reported to have consumed alcohol in the past 12 months. In this early study hazardous drinking levels were defined by using hazardous AUDIT scores and more than six standard drinks in one sitting during the last month [4] . Predictors of low and hazardous drinking using univariate analysis (categorical variables). The study aims to explore the association between levels of alcohol consumption, mental health, social connectedness and social identity among university students. A 2007 intervention undertaken at the same university found similar results with males and Australian and New Zealand residents having significantly increased odds of reporting hazardous AUDIT scores compared to females and international students [4] . Highly and moderately significant differences were measured at p < 0.001 and p < 0.05 respectively. A scale called the Personal Acquaintance Measurehas been developed to help a person measure their connectedness with another individual. Hunt, K. and Burns, S. (2017) Is There an Association between Social Connectedness, Social Identity, Alcohol Consumption and Mental Health among Young University Students?. Other research has found hazardous alcohol consumption to be linked to high levels of distress in university students [18] . Quantitative data were collected from a random cross sectional sample of undergraduate students aged 18 to 24 years, enrolled at the main university campus. Approximately ninety percent of the sample classified themselves as Australian (n = 1709, 90.6%) and 178 (9.4%) identified as international students. Australian domestic students were approximately 5.8 times more likely to report hazardous drinking than international students. Items were reverse-scored. 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