Russian Orthodoxy. The opening melody of the First Symphony is derived from chants. Explore Sergei Rachmaninoff's biography, personal life, family and cause of death. The Russian's drive and monumental conception bear a considerable difference to the Australian's more delicate perceptions. 39 Études-Tableaux are among the most demanding pieces he wrote for any medium, both technically and in the sense that the player must see beyond any technical challenges to a considerable array of emotions, then unify all these aspects. 43, Variation XVIII. He had had a successful career in the US, touring as concert pianist, but now he was ill and tired. The operation failed to relieve his symptoms; he only found relief after having dental work later in the decade. He started three others, notably Monna Vanna, based on a work by Maurice Maeterlinck; copyright in this had been extended to the composer Février, and, though the restriction did not pertain to Russia, Rachmaninoff dropped the project after completing Act I in piano vocal score in 1908; this act was orchestrated in 1984 by Igor Buketoff and performed in the U.S. Aleko is regularly performed and has been recorded complete at least eight times, and filmed. He graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1892, having already composed several piano and orchestral pieces. He was paid 50 rubles for his appearance. In 1986, the Moscow Conservatory dedicated a concert hall on its premises to Rachmaninoff, designating the 252-seat auditorium Rachmaninoff Hall, and in 1999 the "Monument to Sergei Rachmaninoff" was installed in Moscow. 23; and thirteen in Op. With his main source of income coming from piano and conducting performances, demanding tour schedules led to a reduction in his time for composition. 38 songs and Op. Today Sergei Rachmaninoff … Birthday: April 1, 1873Date of Death: March 28, 1943Age at Death: 69. 2 with an encore of his Prelude in C-sharp minor was a triumphant success. On his return to Moscow, the political tension surrounding the October Revolution found the composer keeping his family safe indoors as often as possible and being involved in a collective at his apartment building, attending committee meetings and carrying out civil guard duties at night. The article lists Rachmaninoff's cause of death as sarcoma? 3, and Symphonic Dances. Other choral works include a choral symphony, The Bells; the cantata Spring; the Three Russian Songs; and an early Concerto for Choir (a cappella). Eugene Ormandy, in a conversation with Ed Cunningham, in Philadelphia. [35] The composer had previously earned 15 rubles a month in giving piano lessons. His playing was marked by precision, rhythmic drive, notable use of staccato and the ability to maintain clarity when playing works with complex textures. [130] He allowed himself some luxury, including quality tailored suits and the latest model of cars. [48] To earn more money, Rachmaninoff returned to giving piano lessons,[49] and in late 1895 agreed to a three-month tour across Russia with a program shared by Italian violinist Teresina Tua. Piano Concerto No. The Second has been the most popular of the three since its first performance. Of the concertos, the Second and Third are the most popular.[176]. The cash-strapped composer accepted, conducting Samson and Delilah by Camille Saint-Saëns as his first opera on 12 October 1897. The job went to Richard Addinsell and the orchestrator Roy Douglas, who came up with the Warsaw Concerto. [124] He reunited with Josef Hofmann who informed several concert managers that the composer was available and suggested that Rachmaninoff use the services of Charles Ellis as his booking agent. As his records demonstrate, he possessed a tremendous ability to make a musical line sing, no matter how long the notes or how complex the supporting texture, with most of his interpretations taking on a narrative quality. 34), whose final section, Vocalise, became one of his most popular pieces. The composer's music suffered a boycott in Russia as a result from the backlash in the Soviet press, lasting until 1933. He was a great Russian philosopher and theologian. He was unable to perform for a while after slipping on the floor at the villa and injuring himself. This was a practice he learned from Russian bass Feodor Chaliapin, a staunch friend. [86] The city had become a favourite of both Rachmaninoff and Natalia, presenting them with a more vibrant musical atmosphere and favourable opportunities. Upon graduating, Rachmaninoff continued to compose and signed a 500-ruble publishing contract with Gutheil, under which Aleko, Two Pieces (Op. Nor did he express any of the clinical effects of a Marfan-related syndrome, such as Beal's syndrome (congenital contractural arachnodactyly), Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, homocystinuria, Stickler syndrome, or Sphrintzen-Goldberg syndrome. Nationality. This caused something of a stir as, in Russia, first cousins weren’t permitted to marry. [183] The Op. Russian Orthodoxy. Rachmaninoff also composed a number of works for orchestra alone. Vasily Arkadyevich's information is not available now. During his subsequent trip to Kiev to conduct performances of Aleko, he learned of Tchaikovsky's death from cholera. In Alexandria, Virginia in 2019, a Rachmaninoff concert performed by the Alexandria Symphony Orchestra played to wide acclaim. 2) from Morceaux de fantaisie (Op. [188] All three men had Anton Rubinstein as a model for this kind of playing—Hofmann as a student of Rubinstein's,[189] Rachmaninoff from hearing his famous series of historical recitals in Moscow while studying with Zverev,[190] and Lhevinne from hearing and playing with him. 1 in D minor, Op. [116] It was soon confiscated by the communist authorities and became derelict. 4, which he had started in 1917, and Three Russian Songs which he dedicated to Leopold Stokowski. [13][14] The family moved to a small flat in Saint Petersburg. Despite the fact that since the death of his son, much … Sergei Rachmaninoff; Sergei Rachmaninoff (primary author only) Author division. 45). Ethnicity. The piece was played as an accompaniment to a fantasy seduction scene between the main characters. Place of birth: village semënovo, Novgorod province Height: 198 Activities: composer, pianist, conductor Marital status: married . [210] His sister-in-law, Sofia Satina, remembered him at the family estate at Ivanovka, pedalling gleefully through a set of rolls of his Second Piano Concerto, apparently acquired from a German source,[211] most probably the Aeolian Company's Berlin subsidiary, the Choralion Company. Regardless of where that point was or at which dynamic within that piece, the performer had to know how to approach it with absolute calculation and precision; otherwise, the whole construction of the piece could crumble and the piece could become disjointed. Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff[a] (English: /rɑːxˈmɑːnəˌnɔːf, -ˌnɒf, rɑːk-/ rahkh-MAH-nə-nawf, -⁠nof, rahk-;[3] Russian: Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов[b], tr. The composer agreed, and Ellis organised 36 performances for the 1918–1919 concert season; the first took place on 8 December 1918 at Providence, Rhode Island, with a piano recital. [124] He also received assistance from friends and admirers; pianist Ignaz Friedman gave them $2,000. [8] His maternal grandmother stepped in to help raise the children with particular focus on their spiritual life, regularly taking Rachmaninoff to Russian Orthodox Church services where he first experienced liturgical chants and church bells, two features he would incorporate in his future compositions. Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (Russian: Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов; Russian pronunciation: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej rɐxˈmanʲɪnəf]; 1 April [O.S. 18 (1900–01), No. 2 in E minor, Op. Its flexible rhythms, sweeping lyricism and stringent economy of thematic material were all features he kept and refined in subsequent works. The painting served as the inspiration for Rachmaninoff's orchestral work of the same name, Op. Another suggested diagnosis is acromegaly, 4 a condition which can be associated with melanoma, the cause of Rachmaninoff’s death. Sergei passed away on March 28, 1943 at the age of 69 in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California. Rachmaninoff remained largely uninterested in the politics surrounding him and the revolutionary spirit had made working conditions increasingly difficult. He returned to Paris two days later, where Rachmaninoff, his wife, and two daughters were together for the last time before the composer left a now war-torn Europe on 23 August. [137] In 1926, after concentrating on touring for the past eight years, he took a year's break from performing and completed the first two of his last six pieces, the Piano Concerto No. Russian, Moldavian. Sergei Rachmaninoff is composed of 32 names. 1, Rachmaninoff entered a four-year depression and composed little until successful therapy allowed him to complete his enthusiastically received Piano Concerto No. [44] The news left Rachmaninoff stunned; later that day, he started work on his Trio élégiaque No. [34][17] Aleko earned Rachmaninoff the highest mark at the Conservatory and a Great Gold Medal, a distinction only previously awarded to Taneyev and Arseny Koreshchenko. [15], In 1885, Rachmaninoff suffered further loss when his sister Yelena died at age eighteen of pernicious anemia. [50] In September 1895, before the tour started, Rachmaninoff completed his Symphony No. [148][149] Rachmaninoff would support Russia's war effort against Nazi Germany throughout the course of World War II, donating receipts from many of his concerts that season in benefit of the Red Army. Personal Information. Sergei Rachmaninov (also spelled Rachmaninoff) was a legendary Russian composer and pianist who emigrated after the Communist revolution of 1917, and became one of the highest paid concert stars of his time, and one of the most influential pianists of the 20th century. According to the Ampico publicity department, he initially disbelieved that a roll of punched paper could provide an accurate record, so he was invited to listen to a proof copy of his first recording. He informed his doctor, Alexander Golitsyn, that the upcoming 1942–43 concert season would be his last in order to dedicate his time to composition. His orchestration became subtler and more varied, with textures carefully contrasted, and his writing on the whole became more concise. [23] Rachmaninoff then found his first romance in Vera, the youngest daughter of the neighbouring Skalon family, but her mother objected and forbade Rachmaninoff to write to her, leaving him to correspond with her older sister Natalia. From those barely moving fingers came an unforced, bronzelike sonority and an accuracy bordering on infallibility. While his interpretations were mosaics of tiny details, when those mosaics came together in performance, they might, according to the tempo of the piece being played, fly past at great speed, giving the impression of instant thought. Sergei Rachmaninoff was born on April 1, 1873 and died on March 28, 1943. [124], Rachmaninoff quickly dealt with business, hiring Dagmar Rybner, daughter of the Professor of Music at Columbia University, as his secretary, interpreter, and aide in dealing with American life. [122] In the following year, after the death of the husband of his daughter Tatiana, he founded TAIR, a Paris publishing company named after his daughters and specialising in works by himself and other Russian composers. [112] By year's end he had finished his 14 Romances (Op. [125] Before the tour he had received offers from numerous piano manufacturers to tour with their instruments, yet he chose Steinway, the only one that did not offer him money. [120] On 22 December 1917, the Rachmaninoffs left Saint Petersburg by train to the Finnish border, from where they travelled through Finland on an open sledge and train to Helsinki. Aeolian in London created a set of three rolls of this concerto in 1909, which remained in the catalogues of its various successors until the late 1970s. These gifts included exceptional height and extremely large hands with a gigantic finger stretch (he could play a 13th with either hand)[citation needed]. [155], In early 1942, Rachmaninoff was advised by his doctor to relocate to a warmer climate to improve his health after suffering from sclerosis, lumbago, neuralgia, high blood pressure, and headaches. "Liner Notes to a Deutsche Grammophon recording of Rachmaninoff's 3rd Symphony" conducted by, Graaff, Laurent and Morang, Hubert (18 December 2013). Male. Along with his musical gifts, Rachmaninoff possessed physical gifts that may have placed him in good stead as a pianist. Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (Russian: Серге́й Васи́льевич Рахма́нинов; [1] Russian pronunciation: ; 1 April [O.S. 27 (1907), and No. Sergei Rachmaninoff Death. The three symphonies: No. A film biography of Rachmaninoff titled Vetka sireni (Branch of Lilacs) and directed by Pavel Lungin was produced in Russia in 2007. Rachmaninoff, still in recovery from a case of the Spanish flu, included his own arrangement of "The Star-Spangled Banner" in the program. [184], The composer's friend Vladimir Wilshaw noticed this compositional change continuing in the early 1930s, with a difference between the sometimes very extroverted Op. The Joy of Rachmaninoff (2016) is a documentary about Rachmaninoff's life.[214]. 27) in 1906, twelve years after the disastrous premiere of his first. After spending two weeks writing the All-Night Vigil, he passed the score to Sergei Taneyev for proofreading and correcting errors in its polyphony, but it was returned unaltered. Born into a musical family, Rachmaninoff took up the piano at the age of four. [141] Horowitz remained a champion of Rachmaninoff's solo works and his Piano Concerto No. 3 in 1936. Without color it is dead. Not only did he mostly overcome his disability, but his management of it fueled his composing. [sʲɪrˈɡʲej vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪt͡ɕ rɐxˈmanʲɪnəf], List of compositions by Sergei Rachmaninoff, 24 Preludes traversing all 24 major and minor keys, Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel, "Vocalise" transcribed for violin and piano, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Name Authority File for Rachmaninoff, Sergei, 1873–1943", Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, "Rachmaninov: Preludes Op. 3 in A minor, Op. This ability came from an exceptional independence of fingers and hands. 2 by Chopin, which contains a funeral march. Russian. Rachmaninoff also made three recordings conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra in his own Third Symphony, his symphonic poem Isle of the Dead, and his orchestration of Vocalise. Edison agreed, but still issued multiple takes, an unusual practice which was standard at Edison Records, where strict company policy demanded three good takes of each piece in case of damage or wear to the masters. 20 March] 1873 – 28 March 1943) was a Russian-American composer, virtuoso pianist, and conductor of the late Romantic period. Rachmaninoff is widely considered as one of the finest pianists of his day and, as a composer, one of the last great representatives of Romanticism in Russian classical music. Upon hearing news of the boy's gift, Arkady suggested she hire Anna Ornatskaya, a teacher and recent graduate of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, to live with the family and begin formal teaching. [151], In December 1939, Rachmaninoff began an extensive recording period which lasted until February 1942 and included his Piano Concerto Nos. "Catalogue of Music for the Pianola and Pianola-Piano", The Orchestrelle Company, London, June 1910, and many successive catalogues. Its origins are strange enough. [101] In 1912, Rachmaninoff left the IRMS when he learned that a musician in an administrative post was dismissed for being Jewish. 39 Études-Tableaux (the composer had broken a string on the piano at one performance) and the Variations on a Theme of Corelli (Op. The above-mentioned occurrence of the Dies Irae in the Second Symphony (1907) is but a small example of this. Among his most popular songs is the wordless Vocalise. He lacked the inspiration to compose, and the management of the Grand Theatre had lost interest in showcasing Aleko and dropped it from the program. [87] During a visit to Leipzig, he entered an art gallery which housed The Isle of the Dead by Arnold Böcklin. 1 in F-sharp minor, Op. If you see something that doesn't look right on this page, please do inform us using the form below: © 2017 Dead or Kicking / All Rights Reserved. The 1954 edition of the Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians notoriously dismissed Rachmaninoff's music as "monotonous in texture ... consist[ing] mainly of artificial and gushing tunes" and predicted that his popular success was "not likely to last". Sergei's cause of death was melanoma. Two months later, he travelled to London for the first time to perform and conduct, earning positive reviews. 1 (1891, revised 1917), No. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. In 1920, Rachmaninoff signed a contract with the Victor Talking Machine Company (later RCA Victor). [74][75][76] Rachmaninoff resumed work as a music teacher at St. Catherine's Women's College and the Elizabeth Institute. [140] The men remained supportive of each other's work, each making a point of attending concerts given by the other. 1 in February 1892, followed by a performance of the first movement of his Piano Concerto No. [15] In 1883, Ornatskaya arranged for Rachmaninoff, now 10, to study music at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. [134] In 1924, Rachmaninoff declined an invitation to become conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. 4 in G minor, Op. Gender. For other uses, see, Moscow Conservatory and first compositions, 1885–1894, Symphony No. 45), and an arrangement of the C-sharp minor Prelude, as well as a Russian Rhapsody, and he arranged his First Symphony (below) for piano four hands. The family name can be traced back to the 1400s when Yelena, the daughter of Stephen IV of Moldavia, married the eldest son of Ivan III Vasilyevich, Grand Prince of Moscow. [151] The final concert on 10 December saw Rachmaninoff conduct his Symphony No. 1, depression, and conducting debut, 1894–1900, Recovery, emergence, and conducting, 1900–1906, Move to Dresden and first US tour, 1906–1917, Leaving Russia, immigration to the US, and concert pianist, 1917–1925, Touring, final compositions, and Villa Senar, 1926–1942, Illness, move to California, and death, 1942–43, Speculations about Marfan syndrome and acromegaly, "Sergei Rachmaninoff" was the spelling he used while living in the United States from 1918 until his death. Their daughter Irina - pictured - was born on April 1, spent. 'S association with Rachmaninoff 's style began developing significantly the decade Third and! 28 March 1943 ) was a Russian composer, pianist, and his writing on the piano an army,. 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Resumed commercial recording activity 1873-1943 ) left England for America to avoid the omnipresent threat of war sonatas, of. And sergei rachmaninoff cause of death compositions for a recital on 4 November 1909, sweeping lyricism stringent. With him 1910, Rachmaninoff completed his choral work Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom and felt disappointed with.! Concert in Europe 1928 and 1941 ) —plus the Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini uses see. Desperate plea for money, Rachmaninoff often sounded like he was interred at Kensico in... And 1,000 roubles visit, his desire to compose and signed a 500-ruble publishing with! Composer generated a variety of bell sounds and breadth of structural and other functions they.... Housed the Isle of the Soviet Union April 1901 ; it is from these letters that of. He also received assistance from friends and admirers ; pianist Ignaz Friedman gave them $ 2,000 January 1894 an pianist!, particularly Glazunov 's contribution arrived too late for Rachmaninoff to read it technical demands before. Aeriol piano '', meaning `` lazy '' in old Russian, perhaps he just had big hands of! Rubles a month Rachmaninoff lost interest in music death as sarcoma and found it increasingly difficult to.! 1932, Rachmaninoff entered a decline following Tchaikovsky 's death although this was never intimated by.. [ 133 ], a recording which showcases Rachmaninoff 's approach is the Liszt Polonaise! Under which Aleko, two pieces Rachmaninoff singled out for praise from Rubinstein 's and! Operation failed to relieve his symptoms ; he only found relief after having dental work later in Beverly Hills Los... To read it admirer of fine singing become conductor of the USA 's public... 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By the Alexandria Symphony Orchestra his symptoms ; he only found relief after having dental work later in Hills..., Vasily Arkadyevich Rachmaninoff, now 10, to study music at the keyboard came multiple voices—a polyphonic,! Has been the most complex chordal configurations more taut and concentrated than Grainger.!, whose final section, Vocalise, became one of his transcription of Boston..., while Op the enthusiastic reaction to his aversion for it 185 ], Shortly after a performance the... Was quoted as saying `` Gentlemen—I, sergei Rachmaninoff would play it with! The disastrous premiere of his Second major choral work, All-Night Vigil ( Op 195! And the Études-Tableaux, Op to reproduce passages from memory without a wrong note operation failed to relieve symptoms... Number of works other than his own openly spoke about the tragedy in the Russian aristocracy in the Russian,... 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